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NCJ Number: 64005 Find in a Library
Title: SELECTION AND LABELLING IN CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS CONCERNING SELECTION AGENCY PRACTICES IN THE STATE OF NORTHRHINE-WESTFALIA (WEST GERMANY)
Journal: KRIMINOLOGISCHES JOURNAL  Volume:10  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:107-117
Author(s): W RUETHER
Corporate Author: Arbeitskreis Junger Kriminologen
Germany (Unified)
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Arbeitskreis Junger Kriminologen
2800 Bremen 93, Germany United
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF TREATMENT SELECTION PROCESSES WITHIN THE WEST GERMAN CORRECTIONS SYSTEM ARE ANALYZED.
Abstract: SELECTION IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF SPECIAL PRISON SELECTION AGENCIES. EVERY OFFENDER WITH A TERM OF MORE THAN 18 MONTHS IS ASSIGNED TO A MEMBER OF THE SELECTION COMMITTEE, WHO APPOINTS A BOARD TO REVIEW THE PRISONERS' PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY TESTS, QUESTIONNAIRES, AND INTERVIEWS. SUCH MATTERS AS DEGREE OF CRIMINAL DANGER, TYPE OF INSTITUTION REQUIRED, AND RECOMMENDED REHABILITATION MEASURES ARE CONSIDERED. AS THE PERSONAL THEORIES OF EACH BOARD MEMBER AFFECT THE CLASSIFICATION OF PRISONERS, THE PROCESS IS QUITE SUBJECTIVE. ANALYSIS OF BOARD MEMBER RECOMMENDATIONS FOR 100 PRISONERS INDICATES THAT CRITERIA FOR 'DEGREE OF CRIMINAL DANGER' RELATE TO INALTERABLE OR PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS SUCH AS A WEAK EGO, INABILITY TO FUNCTION IN LIFE SITUATIONS, INTELLIGENCE DEFICIENCIES, LACK OF MOTIVATION, APATHY, EGOCENTRISM, OR AN UNSTABLE LIFE-STYLE; THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE WHEN THE OFFENDER HAS AN EXTENSIVE CRIMINAL RECORD, WHEREAS THE DYNAMIC CRITERIA SUCH AS EDUCATIONAL LEVEL ARE NOT APPLIED ACCORDING TO ANY DISCERNIBLE PATTERN. THE STIGMATIZATION EFFECT ON PARTICULAR PRISONERS AND PRISON FACILITIES IS APPARENT, EVEN THOUGH NO CONNECTION BETWEEN THE ASSIGNED DEGREE OF CRIMINAL DANGER AND ACTUAL RECIDIVISM RATES CAN BE VERIFIED. IN CONTRAST, INDIVIDUAL ELIGIBILITY FOR TREATMENT IN OPEN-DOOR INSTITUTIONS IS NOT FORMALLY DETERMINED BY PRISON RECORD; CRITERIA INCLUDE DEFICIENCIES IN PROFESSIONAL TRAINING, STABLE LIFE-STYLE, AND HIGH I.Q. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT SELECTION IS MADE NOT ACCORDING TO NEED FOR TREATMENT BUT ACCORDING TO SUBJECTIVE CRITERIA AND THAT THE SELECTION AGENCIES THEMSELVES WILL BECOME STIGMATIZING IF SUBJECTIVE CRITERIA ARE NOT ABANDONED. NOTES AND TABLES ARE SUPPLIED. --IN GERMAN. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Civil rights; Correctional institutions (adult); Corrections effectiveness; Deviance; Discrimination; Offense classification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64005

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