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NCJ Number: 64054 Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENT EFFECT OF CRIMINAL SANCTIONS - REVIEWING THE EVIDENCE (FROM STRUCTURE, LAW, AND POWER - ESSAYS IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF LAW, 1979, BY PAUL J BRANTINGHAM AND JACK M KRESS - SEE NCJ-64050)
Author(s): L S ANDERSON
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWENTY-ONE MAJOR STUDIES OF DETERRENCE ARE REVIEWED, AND IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE GENERAL DETERRENCE MODEL HAS YET TO BE EMPIRICALLY VALIDATED.
Abstract: DETERRENCE THEORY IS EVIDENT IN LEGISLATION AND JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS. ADHERENCE TO DETERRENCE AS A 'TRUTH' PLAYS A MAJOR ROLE IN THE IDEOLOGY OF CRIMINAL LAW. EMPIRICAL TESTS OF DETERRENCE, HOWEVER, ARE COMPLICATED BY THE DEFINITION OF DETERRENCE AS OMISSION OR CURTAILMENT OF BEHAVIOR DUE TO PERCEIVED RISK OR FEAR OF PUNISHMENT. DESPITE DEFINITIONAL CONFUSION AND IMPRECISION IN THEORY SPECIFICATION AND ASSOCIATED TESTABLE PROPOSITIONS, A LARGE BODY OF DETERRENCE RESEARCH HAS ACCUMULATED. RESEARCH CLASSIFICATIONS INCLUDE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT LITERATURE, ECOLOGICAL STUDIES, PERCEPTUAL SURVEYS, AND LONGITUDINAL STUDIES. INVESTIGATIONS UNDER THESE HEADINGS DEMONSTRATE THAT THE GENERAL DETERRENCE MODEL HAS NOT BEEN VERIFIED. THE SOLUTION TO DIFFICULTIES IN TESTING DETERRENCE SEEMS TO INVOLVE ESTABLISHING CONSENSUS ON SMALLER AREAS, PERHAPS BY FOCUSING ON PARTICULAR OFFENSE CATEGORIES. IT CAN ALWAYS BE CORRECTLY ASSERTED THAT PUNISHMENT DETERS CRIME BUT ONE MUST ESTABLISH WHEN, HOW, AND UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS IT DOES SO. NOTES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Models; Punishment; Social control theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64054

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