skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64082 Find in a Library
Title: SOME RECENT THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN VICTIMOLOGY
Journal: VICTIMOLOGY  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(1979)  Pages:198-213
Author(s): E A FATTAH
Corporate Author: Visage Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Visage Press, Inc
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: Visage Press, Inc
108A South Columbus Street
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PAPER ANALYZES THE CURRENT (1979) STATUS OF VICTIMOLOGY AND SOME RECENT TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED VICTIMOLOGY.
Abstract: WHEREAS PREVIOUSLY (BEFORE 1970) VICTIMOLOGY WAS CONCERNED WITH VICTIMS OF SPECIFIC CRIMES, CURRENT VICTIMOLOGY FOCUSES ON AFFIRMATIVE ACTION FOR CRIME VICTIMS. MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS IN THE APPLIED (AS OPPOSED TO THE THEORETICAL) FIELD ARE INTENDED TO ALLEVIATE THE PLIGHT OF THE VICTIM BY PROVIDING THE ASSISTANCE THE VICTIM NEEDS TO OVERCOME THE INJURIOUS EFFECTS OF VICTIMIZATION. ATTEMPTS TO UNDERSTAND THE VICTIM'S ACTUAL ROLE IN PROVOKING OR FACILITATING THE CRIME, AS WELL AS EFFORTS TO DEVELOP AN EXPLANATORY MODEL OF CRIME INCORPORATING THE ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR OF BOTH THE OFFENDER AND THE VICTIM HAVE SUFFERED A SETBACK AS A RESULT OF SEVERE CRITICISM OF THE CONCEPT OF VICTIM-PRECIPITATION. NEVERTHELESS, THE ORIGINAL CONCEPT IS SOUND. THE USE OF EXPLANATORY CONCEPTS SUCH AS VICTIM-PRECIPITATED, VICTIM-FACILITATED, VICTIM-INITIATED, OR VICTIM-INDUCED TO DESCRIBE THE VICTIM'S ROLE IN THE CAUSATIVE PROCESS SHOULD NOT BE CONSTRUED AS AN ATTEMPT TO BLAME THE VICTIM FOR THE CRIME. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN VICTIMOLOGY HAS BEEN THE EXTENSION OF THE INTERPERSONAL PERSPECTIVE FROM A TYPOLOGY OF RELATIONSHIPS TO THE RECIPROCAL ATTITUDES OF THE VICTIM AND OFFENDER AND TO THEIR PERCEPTIONS OF ONE ANOTHER. RESEARCH IN THIS AREA WILL HAVE IMPORTANT PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS IN THE FIELDS OF PREVENTION, CRIMINAL REHABILITATION, AND VICTIM EDUCATION AND TREATMENT. STUDIES ARE REVIEWED ON THE OFFENDER'S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE VICTIM; THE DESENSITIZATION PROCESS; OFFENDERS' STEREOTYPES OF PROBABLE VICTIMS; OFFENDERS' PERCEPTIONS OF DESERVING VICTIMS; THE CULPABLE VICTIM; THE CULTURALLY LEGITIMATE VICTIM; PROXIMITY AND DISTANCE, CLOSENESS AND REMOTENESS; THE VICTIM'S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE OFFENDER; THE STOCKHOLM SYNDROME; AND THE HIJACKEE SYNDROME. THE QUESTION OF VICTIM COMPENSATION IS CONSIDERED, AS WELL AS WHETHER THE VICTIM OF A CRIME HAS AN IMPACT ON THE OUTCOME OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS. TRADITIONAL CRIME PREVENTION FOCUSES ON THE OFFENDER BUT THE MORE MODERN APPROACH EMPHASIZES TEMPTATION AND OPPORTUNITY SITUATIONS CREATED BY POTENTIAL VICTIMS; IT SEEKS TO REDUCE OPPORTUNITY THROUGH PREVENTIVE MEASURES BY POTENTIAL VICTIMS OR POLICE. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Criminology; Victim crime precipitation; Victim-offender relationships; Victimology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64082

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.