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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64100 Find in a Library
Title: QUALITATIVE METHODS - A NEEDED PERSPECTIVE IN EVALUATION RESEARCH (FROM QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE METHODS IN EVALUATION RESEARCH, 1979, BY THOMAS D COOK AND CHARLES S REICHARDT - SEE NCJ-64098)
Author(s): W J FILSTEAD
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE STYLES OF RESEARCH ARE CONTRASTED AND THE RISING INTEREST IN QUALITATIVE METHODS AND USES FOR THESE METHODS IN EVALUATION RESEARCH ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: IN THE QUANTITATIVE PARADIGM, THE RESEARCHER IS MOST OFTEN CONCERNED WITH (1) DISCOVERING, VERIFYING, OR IDENTIFYING CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPS AMONG CONCEPTS THAT DERIVE FROM THEORETICAL SCHEME; (2) ASSIGNING SUBJECTS AND USING SAMPLING TECHNIQUES TO MINIMIZE INTERVENING VARIABLES THAT COULD AFFECT RESEARCH RESULTS; (3) USING A CONTROL GROUP TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF NO INTERVENTION; AND (4) ESTABLISHING PROCEDURES FOR DATA COLLECTION AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. IN THE QUALITATIVE PARADIGM, RESEARCHERS ARE AWARE OF EXISTING THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS OR EXPLANATIONS FOR THE PHENOMENON UNDER STUDY BUT PREFER THE THEORY TO EMERGE FROM THE DATA. THEY ATTEMPT TO FIND OUT WHAT EXPLANATORY SCHEMES ARE USED BY THE SUBJECTS UNDER STUDY TO MAKE SENSE OF THE SOCIAL REALITIES THEY ENCOUNTER AND TO FIND OUT WHAT THEORIES, CONCEPTS, AND CATEGORIES ARE SUGGESTED BY THE DATA. THE RESEARCHERS ALSO USE 'SENSITIZING CONCEPTS' RATHER THAN OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS AND SUBJECT SELECTION OR 'THEORETICAL SAMPLING.' CURRENTLY, THE FACTORS OF NEW SCIENCE STUDY PERSPECTIVES, AMBIGUOUS QUANTITATIVE PROGRAM EVALUATION RESULTS, AND A SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVE OR MULTIPLE-METHOD MODELS ARE CHANGING THE EVALUATION RESEARCH CLIMATE AND RESULTING IN ALTERNATIVE PROPOSALS. BLENDING THE ASSETS OF BOTH APPROACHES, (E.G.,) USING EMPIRICAL MEASURES AND PUBLIC INPUT IN THE EVALUATION OF A MENTAL HEALTH CARE PROGRAM, CAN GREATLY IMPROVE EVALUATION RESEARCH. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Evaluation; Evaluation of evaluation; Evaluation techniques; Evaluative research
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64100

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