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NCJ Number: 64114 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PROBATION, PAROLE, AND CORRECTIONAL (PROGRAMS - A REVIEW OF THEIR EVALUATION (FROM HOW WELL DOES IT WORK? - REVIEW OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE EVALUATION, 1978 - SEE NCJ-64112)
Author(s): L A BENNETT
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice
LEAA
National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FOLLOWING AN OUTLINE OF MAJOR POLICY ISUES IN PROBATION, PAROLE, AND CORRECTIONS PROGRAMS AND THEIR EVALUATION, THIS REVIEW SELECTS THOSE PROGRAMS WITH SUGGESTIVE FINDINGS TO DRAW A PICTURE OF THE STATE OF THE ART.
Abstract: SOME OF THE MAJOR SOCIAL POLICY ISSUES IN PROBATION, PAROLE, AND CORRECTIONS, AS WELL AS SOME UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS, TEND TO REMAIN LARGELY IMPLICIT IN MOST EVALUATION STUDIES. THESE INCLUDE THE VALIDITY OF PAROLE IN VIEW OF ITS DUAL CONNOTATIONS FOR DETERMINATE AND INDETERMINATE SENTENCING AND PUNISHMENT VERSUS TREATMENT THEORY; THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF THE EXISTENCE OF PAROLE; AND THE BENEFIT OF PROBATION AS A MECHANISM THAT ALLOWS DECISIONMAKERS AN OPTION TO MAKE CERTAIN KINDS OF RULINGS THAT MAY BE VIEWED AS SOCIALLY BENEFICIAL. HOWEVER, IF PAROLE AND PROBATION CAN BE ASSUMED TO PROVIDE AID IN OF THE TRANSITION FROM PRISON LIFE TO THE RELATIVE FREEDOM OF OUTSIDE SOCIETY, THEN CONCERN CAN PROCEED TO EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF PAROLE AND PROBATION PROGRAMS. ISSUES OF DELIVERY AND ADMINISTRATION, DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION, PUNISHMENT, CONTROL, AND REINTEGRATION HAVE BEEN EXAMINED IN NUMEROUS STUDIES ACROSS THE NATION. THE RESULT IS A WEALTH OF EVIDENCE THAT A FAIR PROPORTION OF INCARCERATED INDIVIDUALS DO NOT REQUIRE THE CONTROLS PRESENTLY IMPOSED AND THUS THE CORRECTIONAL APPARATUS CAN BE MODIFIED. SEVERAL PROJECTS COVERED IN THE REVIEW APPEAR VALUABLE. THESE INCLUDE SPECIFIC TREATMENT APPROACHES SUCH AS BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION PROGRAMS USING TOKEN REWARD SYSTEM AND TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS BASED ON A SYSTEM OF SELF-ADJUSTMENT DEVELOPMENT; THE MORE TRADITIONAL VOLUNTARY PSYCHOTHERAPY; AND THE ASKLEPIEION COMMUNITY, A CONFRONTIVE TYPE OF GROUP INTERACTION. OTHER PROGRAMS AND PROGRAM FEATURES SHOW POSITIVE EVALUATION RESULTS ARE STABLE FAMILY SUPPORT FOSTERED THROUGH FAMILY VISITING AND COUNSELING AND MAINTENANCE OF OUTSIDE CONTACTS, VOCATIONAL TRAINING, EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION, AND INMATE PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMMING, WORK FURLOUGH PROGRAMS, TRANSITION PROGRAMS, AND FINANCIAL SUPPORT AND EMPLOYMENT. COMMENTS ARE MADE ON THE AVAILABLE EVALUATION EVIDENCE FOR ALL THESE KINDS OF PROGRAMS AND ON THE ESSENCE OF THE EVALUATIONS THEMSELVES. POLICY CONSIDERATIONS ARE DRAWN. REFERENCES ARE APPENDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Evaluation; Evaluation of evaluation; Parole; Policy analysis; Probation; Program evaluation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64114

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