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NCJ Number: 64116 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS - MEASUREMENT ISSUES IN THEIR EVALUATION (FROM HOW WELL DOES IT WORK? - REVIEW OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE EVALUATION, 1978 - SEE NCJ-64112)
Author(s): W G SKOGAN
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice
LEAA
National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY, INTEGRAL ISSUES IN PROGRAM EVALUATION, ARE USUALLY OVERLOOKED IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE EVALUATION. SEVERAL STUDIES OF COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS ILLUSTRATE THIS FACT.
Abstract: MODES OF MEASUREMENT USED IN THESE EVALUATIONS WERE OBSERVATIONS, INTERVIEWS, AND THE USE OF ARCHIVAL INFORMATION (RECORDS, FILES, REPORTS, OR ACCOUNTS). 'THINGS MEASURED' FELL INTO TWO GENERAL CATEGORIES: INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES. OBSERVATION PROCEDURES OFFER POTENTIAL FOR CAPTURING RELIABLE AND VALID DATA ON INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES. OBSERVATIONS, HOWEVER, CANNOT GAUGE MOTIVES UNDERLYING ACTIONS AND THEY CANNOT PROBE THE PAST. BECAUSE INTERVIEWS LEND THEMSELVES TO DATA COLLECTION AT THE GRASS ROOTS LEVEL, THEY ARE FREQUENTLY EMPLOYED TO MEASURE INTERVENTION OUTCOMES AND CONSEQUENCES OF POLICIES AND PROGRAMS. HOWEVER, PEOPLE DO NOT ALWAYS RELIABLY REPORT THINGS THEY HAVE SEEN, AND INTERVIEWERS SOMETIMES ASK QUESTIONS RESPONDENTS ARE NOT COMPETENT TO ANSWER. INTERVIEW-BASED OUTCOME MEASURES IN COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION EVALUATIONS INCLUDE VICTIMIZATION, FEAR OF CRIME, SATISFACTION WITH PROGRAMS OR SERVICES, AND REPORTING OF CRIME TO THE POLICE. ARCHIVAL MEASURES ARE OFTEN USED BECAUSE THEY ARE AVAILABLE AND INEXPENSIVE TO COLLECT, YET THEY DO NOT ALWAYS REFLECT WHAT EVALUATORS REALLY WANT TO KNOW. HOWEVER, THEY ARE USEFUL IN OFFICIAL CRIME COUNTS AND HAVE POTENTIAL AS INDIRECT INDICATORS OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF CRIME. PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING THE REALIABILITY OF MEASURES ALL INVOLVE MARKING THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN SIMILAR MEASURES OF A CONCEPT. THIS SHOULD BE COUPLED WITH THOROUGH DOCUMENTATION OF THE RESULTS IN EVALUATION REPORTS TO ESTABLISH THE CREDIBILITY OF THE CONCLUSIONS REACHED AND TO PROVIDE A USEFUL DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR THOSE CONDUCTING FUTURE EVALUATIONS BASED ON THOSE FINDINGS. NOTES ARE PROVIDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Evaluation; Evaluation of evaluation; Evaluation techniques; Program evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64116

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