skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64128 Find in a Library
Title: DELINQUENCY PREVENTION AND ORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONS (FROM CONTROLLING DELINQUENTS, 1968, BY STANTON WHEELER AND HELEN MACGILL HUGHES - SEE NCJ-64125)
Author(s): W B MILLER; R C BAUM; R MACNEIL
Corporate Author: John Wiley and Sons
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1968
Page Count: 40
Sponsoring Agency: John Wiley and Sons
New York, NY 10158
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RELATIONSHIPS THAT DEVELOPED BETWEEN A NEW DELINQUENCY PREVENTION PROJECT AND EXISTING YOUTH AGENCIES IN A MAJOR URBAN CENTER CALLED PORT CITY ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: FACED WITH AN INCREASING VOLUME OF VIOLENT YOUTH CRIME, A JOINT COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS INITIATED THE MIDCITY PROJECT TO ADMINISTER AND COORDINATE ALL YOUTH SERVICES. THIS STUDY FOCUSED ON SIX CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZATIONS IN ITS ANALYSIS: OPERATING PHILOSOPHY; JURISDICTION, PERCEPTION OF DELINQUENCY CONTROL AS A CENTRAL OR PERIPHERAL TASK, DEGREE OF CENTRALIZED AUTHORITY; INTERDEPENDENCE AMONG ORGANIZATIONS; AND RESOURCES SUCH AS FUNDS, STAFF, AND CLIENTS. THE FOUR MAJOR PROGRAMS INVOLVED DETACHED GROUP WORK WITH GANGS, SOCIAL CASEWORK WITH FAMILIES, COORDINATION OF YOUTH SERVICES OF EXISTING AGENCIES, AND RESEARCH TO ASSESS COMMUNITY NEEDS AND EVALUATE THE PROJECT. THE HIGHLY MOTIVATED MOTIVATED PROJECT STAFF WAS ORIENTED TOWARD REHABILITATION AND PERMISSIVENESS RATHER THAN PUNISHMENT AND RESTRICTION. A PROJECT DIRECTOR MAINTAINED CONTROL OVER ALL FOUR PROGRAMS. DURING ITS 3 YEARS OF OPERATION, THE PROJECT DEVELOPED A VARIETY OF RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER AGENCIES. TIES WITH SETTLEMENT HOUSES AND FAMILY AGENCIES WERE CLOSE AND FRIENDLY, WHILE RELATIONS WITH THE STATE YOUTH AUTHORITY AND THE RECREATION DEPARTMENT WERE CLOSE BUT HOSTILE. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE PROJECT AND COURTS, CHURCHES, AND THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION WERE HOSTILE AND DISTANT, BUT THOSE WITH THE MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC WELFARE DEPARTMENT, POLICE, AND SCHOOLS WERE DISTANT BUT FRIENDLY. HOSTILE REACTIONS WERE CAUSED BY DISAGREEMENTS OVER OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES, PHILOSOPHIES, ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES, AND FEAR THAT ONE AGENCY WAS EXPANDING INTO ANOTHER'S TERRITORY. OPERATING STYLES OF OFFICIALS AND ORGANIZATIONS ALSO AFFECTED INTERAGENCY RELATIONSHIPS. A PRINCIPAL FACTOR THAT CREATED HOSTILITY BETWEEN THE PROJECT AND SOME PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS WAS THE DISPARITY BETWEEN MIDDLE-CLASS AND LOWER-CLASS ORIENTATIONS AND DIFFERENCES IN PEREPTIONS OF WORK HABITS AND ILLEGAL PRACTICES. FOR RELATED ARTICLES, SEE NCJ-64125. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Interagency cooperation; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Youth advisory boards
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64128

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.