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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64132 Find in a Library
Title: DELINQUENT'S PERCEPTION OF THE LAW AND THE COMMUNITY (FROM CONTROLLING DELINQUENTS, 1968, BY STANTON WHEELER AND HELEN MACGILL HUGHES - SEE NCJ-64125)
Author(s): B MAHER; E STEIN
Corporate Author: John Wiley and Sons
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1968
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: John Wiley and Sons
New York, NY 10158
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS DETAILED STUDY OF A GROUP OF DELIQUENTS JUST AFTER ADMISSION TO A CORRECTIONAL RECEPTION CENTER OUTLINES THE MANNER IN WHICH THE NEWLY INSTITUTIONALIZED DELINQUENT VIEWS THE LAW AND THE COMMUNITY.
Abstract: SUBJECTS OF THE STUDY WERE A GROUP OF YOUNG MALE DELINQUENTS, AGES 14 TO 16, HELD AT A RECEPTION CENTER IN MASSACHUSETTS. INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED SHORTLY AFTER ADMITTANCE TO THE CENTER AND BEFORE INSTITUTIONAL ASSIGNMENT. THE DATA REFLECTED THE ATTITUDES WITH WHICH DELINQUENTS ENTERED AN INSTITUTION AND WERE NOT A CONSEQUENCE OF THE INSTITUTIONAL EXPERIENCE ITSELF. THE STUDY WAS CONCERNED SPECIFICALLY ABOUT THE YOUTHS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THE REFORMATORY AND PAROLE OFFICIALS (JUDGES, POLICE, PROBATION OFFICERS, INSTITUTIONAL OFFICIALS) COMPARED WITH THEIR ATTITUDES ABOUT THEIR FATHERS, TEACHERS, BOSSES, SOCIAL WORKERS, AND GOOD FRIENDS. FINDINGS SHOWED THAT THE DELINQUENTS FELT POSITIVELY ABOUT THE JUVENILE OFFICERS, SUGGESTING THAT THE OFFICERS MAY BE STRATEGIC IN THE EARLY HANDLING OF OFFENDERS. DELINQUENTS REGARDED THE COURT PROCEDURE WITH AVERSION AND VIEWED THE JUDGE AS UNINTERESTED AND IMPERSONAL. DELINQUENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THEIR FATHERS AND TOWARDS SOCIAL WORKERS WERE FAVORABLE. THE FINDINGS ALSO DISCLOSED THAT AS THEY ENTERED AN INSTITUTION, THE DELINQUENTS DID NOT YET IDENTIFY THEMSELVES AS DELINQUENT, ALTHOUGH THEY PERCEIVED FELLOW INMATES IN THAT LIGHT. THE FINDINGS STRONGLY SUGGEST THE IMPORTANCE OF ASSESSING THE ATTITUDES OF THE NEWLY ENTERED INMATES AND BASING DECISIONS OF INSTITUTIONAL ASSIGNMENT ON THESE ATTITUDES. FOR INSTANCE, THERAPEUTIC ASPECTS OF PROBATION SHOULD BE EMPHASIZED AND WIDER USE SHOULD BE MADE OF SOCIAL WORK CLINICS BEFORE COURT APPEARANCE. TABULAR DATA ARE GIVEN. SEE NCJ 64131. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (juvenile); Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile offender attitudes; Social psychology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64132

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