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NCJ Number: 64146 Find in a Library
Title: CUTTING PRISON OVERCROWDING IN GREAT BRITAIN - SOURCES OF HELP AND HINDRANCE
Journal: CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:26  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:10-21
Author(s): M WRIGHT
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
S.I. Newhouse Ctr at Rutgers
15 Washington St., Fourth Floor
Newark, NJ 07102
United States of America

UMI Dissertation Services
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Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
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United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A DISCUSSION OF PRISON REFORM IN GREAT BRITAIN FOCUSES ON THE PROPONENTS AND OPPONENTS OF REFORM, BETTERING OF PRISON CONDITIONS, AND AS COMMUNITY SERVICE PROGRAMS AND OTHER SUBSTITUTES FOR INCARCERATION.
Abstract: VARIED PROJECTS EXIST TO DEAL WITH CRIMINALS, BUT PUNITIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD OFFENDERS PREVAIL AMONG MIDDLE-CLASS AND WORKING-CLASS PEOPLE. NEVERTHELESS, PRESSURE FOR LIBERAL CORRECTIONS REFORM PERSISTS, OFTEN COMING FROM WITHIN THE SYSTEM. INDIVIDUAL VOLUNTEERS AND ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS THE HOWARD LEAGUE AND NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR CARE AND RESETTLEMENT OF OFFENDERS CONTINUE TO WORK FOR CORRECTIONAL REFORM. FORCES IMPEDING LIBERAL REFORM INCLUDE BOTH PUBLIC ATTITUDES AND THE WORKINGS AND FINANCES OF THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM. COMMON REFORM GOALS INCLUDE SHORTER PRISON TERMS, ALTERNATIVES TO INSTITUTIONALIZATION FOR PETTY OFFENDERS TO MITIGATE PRISON CROWDING, AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF MORE HUMANE PRISON CONDITIONS. A RECENT LIBERAL REFORM IS THE COMMUNITY SERVICE ORDER, IN WHICH OFFENDERS PROVIDE COMMUNITY SERVICES FOR A SPECIFIED TIME IN HOSPITALS, YOUTH CLUBS, AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS IN LIEU OF A PRISON SENTENCE. WIDESPREAD ACCEPTANCE OF COMMUNITY SERVICE SENTENCES MAY INDICATE NEW ATTITUDES AMONG CITIZENS ABOUT THE ROLE OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community service order; Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional institutions (adult); Correctional reform; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Public Attitudes/Opinion
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