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NCJ Number: 64149 Find in a Library
Title: JUVENILE AID PANELS-AN ALTERNATIVE TO JUVENILE COURT PROCESSING IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA
Journal: CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:42-62
Author(s): R SARRI; P W BRADLEY
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES AUSTRALIAN JUVENILE AID PANELS AS SUBSTITUTES FOR COURT PROCESSING AND PRESENTS RESULTS OF A STUDY OF 24,652 JUVENILE OFFENDERS WHO WERE PROCESSED BY SUCH PANELS BETWEEN 1972 AND 1977.
Abstract: ATTEMPTS TO CONTROL JUVENILE CRIME BY FORMAL PROCEDURES AND CRIMINAL SANCTIONS HAVE GENERALLY BEEN UNSUCCESSFUL. THESE FAILURES, COUPLED WITH A DESIRE TO MAKE JUVENILE JUSTICE MORE HUMANE, HAVE LED COURTS IN THE U.S., SCOTLAND, SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AND OTHER NATIONS TO DIVERT JUVENILES OUT OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM AND INTO COMMUNITY OR OTHER PROGRAMS. JUVENILE AID PANELS WERE DEVELOPED AND IMPLEMENTED IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA IN 1971 FOR THE NONJUDICIAL TREATMENT OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS BETWEEN 10 AND 18 YEARS OF AGE, EXCLUDING CHILDREN NEGLECTED, ARRESTED, OR ACCUSED OF HOMICIDE. THE PANELS DO NOT DETERMINE GUILT BUT HELP PARENTS, THEIR CHILDREN, POLICE, AND OTHERS DISCUSS RESOLUTIONS TO JUVENILE OFFENSES. A STUDY OF YOUTHS PROCESSED BY THE COURTS AND AID PANELS, 1972 TO 1977, REVEALS A RECIDIVISM RATE SIMILAR TO THAT OF THE COURTS. THUS, THE AID PANELS SEEM TO BE NO LESS EFFECTIVE THAN THE COURT SYSTEM BUT MORE HUMANE AND LESS STIGMATIZING. BOTH THE PANELS AND POLICE HAVE BEEN UNSUCCESSFUL IN REMOVING ALL MINOR AND STATUS OFFENDERS FROM COURT PROCESSING, AND THE NUMBERS OF CASES PROCESSED BY THE COURTS HAVE NOT BEEN REDUCED AS A RESULT OF THE PANELS. OVERALL, THE ENTIRE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM HAS GROWN RAPIDLY FROM 1972 TO 1977, DUE TO INCREASED NUMBERS OF YOUTH PROCESSED BY THE PANELS. FOOTNOTES AND TABLES ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Australia; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile aid panels; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile diversion programs; Juvenile sentencing
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