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NCJ Number: 64152 Find in a Library
Title: THERE HAS TO BE A BETTER WAY
Journal: CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:26  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:83-90
Author(s): J P CONRAD
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: SUBSTITUTES FOR IMPRISONMENT ARE A NECESSARY GOAL OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. SEVERAL FACTORS WHICH PREVENT THEIR IMPLEMENTATION ARE DISCUSSED, AND A PROPOSAL IS MADE FOR THE MOBILIZATION OF RESOURCES.
Abstract: U.S. PRISONS ARE BADLY OVERCROWDED AND CANNOT ABSORB MANY MORE INMATES. SUBSTITUTES FOR INCARCERATION, POPULAR A DECADE AGO, CAN REDUCE PRISON POPULATIONS ONLY WHEN THEY ARE FULLY INSTITUTIONALIZED. BELIEF IN SUBSTITUTES FOR IMPRISONMENT MUST BE REVIVED, AND THESE SUBSTITUTES MADE EFFECTIVE THROUGH CAREFUL PLANNING. HINDRANCES TO PRISON-SUBSTITUTE PROGRAMS INCLUDE UNCERTAIN GOALS, NOMINALISM (CASE OVERLOAD), INADEQUATE STANDARDS FOR STAFFS, AND INADEQUATE FUNDING. THERE IS CONFUSION ABOUT WHETHER CORRECTIONS SHOULD PUNISH, REHABILITATE, INTIMIDATE, OR MERELY RESTRAIN. COMMUNITY RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS AND WORK RELEASE ARE USEFUL IN HELPING PRISONERS MAINTAIN NEEDED COMMUNITY AND FAMILY TIES WHILE SERVING THEIR SENTENCES. CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS SHOULD IMPRISON ONLY THE MOST DANGEROUS REPEAT OFFENDERS, COMMIT OTHERS TO WORK PROGRAMS, AND PROVIDE EXTENSIVE FOLLOWUP SERVICES DURING AND AFTER THE SERVING OF SENTENCES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--PAP)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional facilities; Correctional institutions (adult); Correctional planning; Correctional reform; Corrections management; Inmate Programs; Sentencing/Sanctions; Standards
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