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NCJ Number: 64153 Find in a Library
Title: POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF EVALUATION RESEARCH - SOME ISSUES RAISED BY THE FISHMAN STUDY OF REHABILITATION AND DIVERSION SERVICES
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:70  Issue:4  Dated:(WINTER 1979)  Pages:530-541
Author(s): R ROESCH; R R CORRADO
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
School of Law
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Northwestern University
Chicago, IL 60611
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A CRITIQUE OF THE FISHMAN STUDY, WHICH EVALUATED 18 REHABILITATION AND DIVERSION PROJECTS IN NEW YORK CITY, IS PROVIDED. POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF EVALUATION RESEARCH ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF RECIDIVISM RATES, THE FISHMAN STUDY CONCLUDED THAT THE 18 PROJECTS FAILED TO REHABILITATE CLIENTS. PROBLEMS IN THE STUDY'S FINDINGS AND GENERALIZATIONS PERTAIN TO THE LIMITED NATURE OF THE SAMPLE, THE USE OF A SINGLE OUTCOME MEASURE (RECIDIVISM), AND THE EVALUATION DESIGN (VALIDITY OF THE GROUP PRETEST-POSTTEST ONLY METHOD, LACK OF COMPARISON ALTERNATIVES, AND LENGTH OF PARTICIPATION REQUIRED BY PROJECTS). CONSIDERING THESE PROBLEMS, FISHMAN'S RESULTS ARE OF LIMITED UTILITY AND GENERALITY AND DO NOT PROVIDE A SUFFICIENT BASIS FOR MAKING DECISIONS ABOUT REHABILITATION AND DIVERSION SERVICES. A MODEL FOR EVALUATION RESEARCH SHOULD INCORPORATE CONSTRUCT VALIDITY, INTERNAL VALIDITY, PROCESS AND OUTCOME EVALUATION MEASURES, AND EXTERNAL VALIDITY. FURTHERMORE, PROGRAM EVALUATIONS SHOULD BE USED TO PROVIDE INFORMATION ABOUT CERTAIN ASPECTS OF A PROGRAM RATHER THAN TO DETERMINE OVERALL PROGRAM SUCCESS. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Critiques; Diversion programs; Evaluation; Evaluative research; New York; Policy analysis; Program evaluation; Rehabilitation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64153

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