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NCJ Number: 64182 Find in a Library
Title: POLICING THE CITY
Author(s): R MAWBY
Corporate Author: Saxon House
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 211
Sponsoring Agency: Renouf/USA Inc
Brookfield, VT 05036
Saxon House
Farnborough, Hants, United Kingdom
Sale Source: Renouf/USA Inc
Old Post Road
Brookfield, VT 05036
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: RESEARCH IS DESCRIBED THAT COMPARED THE DISCOVERY, REPORTING, DETECTION, AND SUBSEQUENT HANDLING OF CRIME IN NINE RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF SHEFFIELD, ENGLAND; SPECIAL ATTENTION IS PAID TO THE ROLE OF THE POLICE.
Abstract: THE ORIGINAL INTENTION OF THE RESEARCH WAS TO CONSIDER HOW FAR DIFFERENCES IN THE RECORDED CRIME RATES OF NINE SIMILAR RESIDENTIAL AREAS COULD BE EXPLAINED AS DUE TO DIFFERENCES IN POLICE AND PUBLIC REACTIONS TO CRIME IN THE AREAS. POLICE REPORTS WERE EXAMINED THAT PERTAINED TO SITUATIONS REGARDED AS 'REAL' CRIME, MINOR CRIME, AND RELATED INCIDENTS OF A NONCRIMINAL NATURE. THE DIFFERENT INCIDENTS WERE ANALYZED AND COMPARED (E.G., HOW A CRIME WAS DISCOVERED, HOW AN OFFENDER WAS IDENTIFIED). ATTEMPTS WERE MADE TO ASSESS THE INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT AGENTS ON THE CREATION OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH OFFICIAL DATA ARE UNRELIABLE OR INVALID MEASUREMENTS OF CRIME DETAILS. AN AREA ANALYSIS OF POLICING PATTERNS REVEALED THAT THERE WAS LITTLE OR NO EVIDENCE SUGGESTING THAT DIFFERENTIAL POLICING AFFECTED THE RELATIVE OFFENDER RATES OF CONTRASTING RESIDENTIAL AREAS. DESPITE SOME SUGGESTION THAT OFFENSE RATES MAY HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY THE EXTENT OF POLICE PRESENCE, THE OVERALL FINDINGS LINKED CRIME DIFFERENTIAL TO TYPE OF AREA--RESIDENTIAL OR NONRESIDENTIAL. THE TYPE OF VICTIM AND THE VISIBILITY OF THE OFFENSE SEEMED TO EXERT CONSIDERABLE INFLUENCE ON THE ROLE OF THE POLICE. IN ADDITION, THE FOCUS OF MUCH OF THE DATA SHIFTED FROM THE ORIGINAL RESEARCH INTENTION TO THE ROLE OF THE POLICE, PARTICULARY IN REPORTING, DETECTING, AND CAUTIONING VIS-A-VIS CRIME COMMITTED IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL AREAS OR BY RESIDENTS OF THOSE AREAS. DATA ON SPECIFIC TYPES OF CRIME, ESPECIALLY SOLICITING, DRUG OFFENSES, AND TELEVISION LICENSE EVASION, AND ON THE WAYS IN WHICH THEY ARE POLICED, ARE INCLUDED. NOTES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE APPENDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MHP)
Index Term(s): Crime detection; Crime patterns; Crime Statistics; England; Labeling theory; Police attitudes; Police crime-prevention; Police effectiveness; Police records; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Role perception
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64182

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