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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64203 Find in a Library
Title: INMATE SUBCULTURE (FROM CORRECTIONS - PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS - 2ND ED., 1980, BY DAVID M PETERSEN AND CHARLES W. THOMAS - SEE NCJ-64202)
Author(s): C W THOMAS; D M PETERSEN
Corporate Author: Prentice Hall
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE ATTITUDES, VALUES, AND BEHAVIOR OF THE INMATE SUBCULTURE ARE EXPLORED THROUGH DISCUSSION OF HOW INMATES ADJUST TO THE PROBLEMS OF CONFINEMENT.
Abstract: THERE IS NO SINGLE FACTOR THAT CAUSES THE INFORMATION OF AN INFORMAL INMATE SYSTEM, WHETHER IT IS HIGHLY OPPOSITIONAL AND NEGATIVISTIC OR RELATIVELY BENIGN AND RESPONSIVE TO THE PREFERENCES OF PRISON OFFICIALS. THE INMATE CODE REPRESENTS AN ORGANIZATION OF CRIMINAL VALUES IN CLEARCUT OPPOSITION TO THE VALUES OF CONVENTIONAL SOCIETY. THE CODE FORBIDS ANY SUPPORTIVE OR NONEXPLOITATIVE LIAISON WITH PRISON OFFICIALS, AND SEEKS TO CONFER STATUS ON THOSE INMATES WHO MOST CLEARLY OPPOSE THE ADMINISTRATION. A HIGH PREMIUM IS PLACED ON STRENGTH, ON EXPLOITATIVE SEX RELATIONS, PREDATORY ATTITUDES TOWARD MONEY AND PROPERTY, IN-GROUP LOYALTY AND SOLIDARITY, AND AGGRESSIVE AND EXPLOITATIVE RELATIONS WITH CONVENTIONALLY ORIENTED GROUPS. SUCCESSES, FAILURES, AND PROBLEMS ARE LINKED WITH A GREAT DEAL OF IMMEDIACY TO DAILY NEEDS AND DEMANDS. INMATES ADJUST TO CONFINEMENT IN WAYS NOT UNLIKE OTHER INDIVIDUALS ADJUST TO PROBLEMS IN THEIR SEEKING OF PEER SUPPORT THROUGH THE SUBCULTURE. THE QUALITATIVE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THEM AND FREE SOCIETY IS THAT THE COERCIVE QUALITY OF THE PRISON HAS LED SO MANY TO FOCUS ON PRISON ORGANIZATIONS AND THE PROBLEMS THEY PRESENT TO INMATES TO THE EXCLUSION OF THE MANY OTHER DETERMINANTS OF BEHAVIOR THAT ARE SO OBVIOUSLY IMPORTANT IN OTHER SETTINGS. THIS EMPHASIS ON COERCIVE POWER TENDS TO NEGATE POSITIVE, EXTERNAL INFLUENCES WHICH CAN COME FROM THE COMMUNITY AND FROM THE PRISONER'S FAMILY AND REINFORCE PEER GROUP INFLUENCES THROUGH SUBCULTURE SUPPORT. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED IN THE SELECTION. (LWM)
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior under stress; Criminology; Groups; Inmate attitudes; Inmate hustling; Inmate organizations; Inmates
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64203

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