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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64223 Find in a Library
Title: DEFENSIBLE SPACE - A VIEW FROM THE STANDPOINT OF AN ARCHITECT AND PLANNER (FROM SCOTTISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF DELINQUENCY - PLANNING FOR DELINQUENCY? - WHO PREVENTS CRIME? A REPORT ON THE...SEE NCJ-64222)
Author(s): K HOLMES
Corporate Author: Scottish Assoc for the Study of Delinquency
Scottish Home and Health Dept
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Scottish Assoc for the Study of Delinquency
Edinburgh, Scotland
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THE CONTROL OF CRIME AND VANDALISM IN INNER CITIES, ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING DESIGN AND TENANT RESPONSIBILITY, IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: A RECENT STUDY SUGGESTS THAT VANDALISM IS RELATED TO BUILDING DESIGN AND SUGGESTS SOME BUILDINGS BE CHANGED OR RAZED. HIGH-RISE APARTMENT BUILDINGS, COMMON IN CITIES, ARE INADEQUATE FOR FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN, AS PLAY AREAS ARE OFTEN INCONVENIENT OR UNSAFE AND CHILDREN PLAYING IN BUILDING CORRIDORS CAUSE DAMAGE. AS SOME TENANTS FEEL FORCED TO VACATE THESE BUILDINGS, THEY BECOME PRIME VANDALISM TARGETS. CHILDLESS COUPLES, SINGLES, OR THE ELDERLY ARE BETS SUITED FOR HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS, ALTHOUGH THE ELDERLY ALSO HAVE DIFFICULTIES. BUILDING PRESERVATION HAS MUCH TO DO WITH TENANTS' SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS; STABLE, HIGH-INCOME FAMILIES, EVEN WITH CHILDREN, OFTEN DO WELL IN HIGH RISES. IN ADDITION TO BUILDING IMPROVEMENTS, INCREASING TENANTS' INTEREST THROUGH CONSULTATIONS ABOUT THESE IMPROVEMENTS IS VERY BENEFICIAL. PEOPLE WILL TAKE CARE OF BUILDINGS IN WHICH THEY FEEL AT HOME. LESS IMPERSONAL, SMALLER, LESS CENTRALIZED HOUSING, WITH LOW-TO-GROUND UNITS FOR FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN IS RECOMMENDED, ALONG WITH MIXING STABLE AND DIFFICULT FAMILIES WITHIN BUILDINGS TO INCREASE TENANTS' COMMITMENTS TO THEIR HOMES, NEIGHBORLINESS, AND SECURITY. IMPROVEMENTS AND BUILDING DESIGN SHOULD REFLECT TENANTS' CONCERNS OVER COMFORT. CONFLICTS BETWEEN FIRE SAFETY AND SECURITY DESIGN ARE DISCUSSED. SOCIAL SCIENTISTS SHOULD ALSO BE CONSULTED IN THE BUILDING DESIGN. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Citizen crime tolerance; Community involvement; Crime prevention measures; Environmental design; Human factors engineering; Multifamily housing; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Urban planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64223

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