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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64224 Find in a Library
Title: DEFENSIBLE SPACE - A POLICE OFFICER'S VIEW (FROM SCOTTISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF DELINQUENCY - PLANNING FOR DELINQUENCY? - WHO PREVENTS CRIME? - A REPORT ON THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCES...SEE NCJ-64222)
Author(s): A MACKENZIE
Corporate Author: Scottish Assoc for the Study of Delinquency
Scottish Home and Health Dept
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Scottish Assoc for the Study of Delinquency
Edinburgh, Scotland
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: POLICE RECOMMEND THAT URBAN CRIME PREVENTION MEASURES, PARTICULARLY IN REGARD TO VANDALISM, REQUIRE COOPERATION BETWEEN POLICE, ARCHITECTS, PLANNERS, AND TENANTS IN DESIGNING AND IMPROVING HOUSING AND COMMUNITIES.
Abstract: VAST SUMS SPENT ON BUILDING AND IMPROVING URBAN HOUSING PROJECTS WILL NOT DETER CRIME WITHOUT CAREFUL TOWN AND BUILDING PLANNING. ISOLATED AND IMPERSONAL CONDITIONS IN LARGE APARTMENT BUILDINGS, OPEN GROUNDS, AND LACK OF BUSY STREETS OR INCONVENIENTLY PLACED SHOPS AND RECREATION FACILITIES OFTEN DETRACT FROM TENANTS' RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR HOMES. RESULTING CARELESSNESS AND NEGLECT FOSTER OR ENCOURAGE CRIME. POLICE SHOULD ADVISE DESIGNERS ON THE PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS. BECAUSE CRITICS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS IN URBAN HOUSING POINT OUT THAT CRIME IS DISCOURAGED BY NETWORKS OF SOCIAL RELATIONS IN COMMUNITIES REMAINING SMALL, THESE NETWORKS SHOULD BE CREATED AND ENCOURAGED THOUGH THE DESIGN OF SMALL HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS AND SHOPS ON MANY BUSY, WELL-LIT STREETS RATHER THAN LARGE, HIGH-RISE DWELLINGS SURROUNDED BY MUCH OPEN RECREATIONAL GROUND. HOWEVER, CHANGES IN PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT WILL NOT ALONE DETER DELINQUENT JUVENILES, WHO NEED MANY STRUCTURED ACTIVITIES AS WELL. INCREASES IN CRIME TIED TO BUILDING HEIGHT OR COMMUNITY SIZE REQUIRE COMMUNITY CRIME-WATCHING. EXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFULLY AND INADEQUATELY PLANNED COMMUNITIES ARE PRESENTED. ALSO, HOUSING MANAGERS MUST CAREFULLY CHOOSE TENANTS. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Citizen crime tolerance; Community involvement; Crime Causes; Environmental design; Human factors engineering; Multifamily housing; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Social conditions; Urban planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64224

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