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NCJ Number: 64225 Find in a Library
Title: WHO PREVENTS CRIME? - KEYNOTE ADDRESS (FROM SCOTTISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF DELINQUENCY - PLANNING FOR DELINQUENCY? - WHO PREVENTS CRIME? - A REPORT ON THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCES...SEE NCJ-64222)
Author(s): R V G CLARKE
Corporate Author: Scottish Assoc for the Study of Delinquency
Scottish Home and Health Dept
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Scottish Assoc for the Study of Delinquency
Edinburgh, Scotland
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: DECRIMINALIZATION, TREATMENT, INCARCERATION, DETERRENT SENTENCING, POLICING, SOCIAL REFORMS, AND SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS ARE DISCUSSED AS CRIME CONTROL METHODS IN THIS SYMPOSIUM PAPER.
Abstract: TREATING RATHER THAN PUNISHING CRIMINALS DOES NOT SEEM TO WORK WELL. STUDIES ARE DISCUSSED WHICH ILLUSTRATE THAT TREATED VERSUS INCARCERATED JUVENILES OR ADULTS SHOW NO DIFFERENCE IN RECIDIVISM. CURRENT OPINION HOLDS THAT CRIMINALITY IS NOT MERELY A DISEASE; SOME OF ITS COMPLEX CAUSES ARE DISCUSSED. THE POTENTIAL OF DECRIMINALIZATION IS VIEWED AS LIMITED, EXCEPT FOR VICTIMLESS CRIMES SUCH AS DRINKING OR CERTAIN SEX ACTS. INCARCERATION FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME TO PREVENT CRIME DOES NOT DISTINGUISH AMONG THOSE WHO WOULD OR WOULD NOT BECOME RECIDIVISTS AND MEETS WITH LIMITED SUCCESS: ONLY MINOR REDUCTIONS IN CRIME ARE THE ESTIMATED RESULTS OF SENTENCE INCREASES. SIMILARLY, DETERRENT SENTENCING IS COMPLICATED BY INADEQUATE INFORMATION ON HOW CRIMINALS VIEW THE RISKS OF APPREHENSION. RECENT STUDIES INDICATE THAT STRENGTHENING POLICE FORCES AND INCREASING PATROLS HAVE QUESTIONABLE CRIME REDUCTION SUCCESS; BENEFICIAL RESULTS OF PATROLLING ARE HAMPERED BY DIFFICULTIES IN INVESTIGATIONS. MOREOVER, QUICK POLICE RESPONSE TIME IS OFTEN NULLIFIED BY VICTIMS' DELAY IN REPORTING CRIME. ALTHOUGH POLICE PRESENCE IS NECESSARY TO INHIBIT CRIMINAL ACTIVITY, FEW CHANGES IN POLICING POLICIES THAT ARE BOTH ACCEPTABLE TO THE PUBLIC AND ECONOMICALLY FEASIBLE WILL HAVE MUCH EFFECT ON CRIME CONTROL. SOCIAL PREVENTION METHODS, SUCH AS IMPROVING EDUCATION OR DECREASING POVERTY, ARE ALSO OF QUESTIONALBE VALUE, BUT IMPROVED SECURITY OF CRIME TARGETS, SUCH AS STORES OR AUTOMOBILES, APPEARS TO BE THE MORE USEFUL CRIME CONTROL METHOD. SUCCESSFUL CRIME CONTROL AND PREVENTION REQUIRE COOPERATION OF POLICE, CITIZENS, AND LOCAL AGENCIES. THE CREATION OF LOCAL CRIME-PREVENTION AUTHORITIES IS RECOMMENDED. EXTENSIVE TABULAR DATA ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Custody vs treatment conflict; Decriminalization; Deterrence effectiveness; Involuntary treatment; Police crime-prevention; Security; Social reform
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64225

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