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NCJ Number: 64251 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: NEIGHBORHOOD CRIME AND THE DEMAND FOR CENTRAL CITY HOUSING (FROM COSTS OF CRIME, 1979, BY CHARLES M GRAY SEE NCJ-64248)
Author(s): C M GRAY; M R JOELSON
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-DF-05-0005; 78-NI-AX-0002
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE IMPACT OF NEIGHBORHOOD CRIME ON THE DEMAND FOR CENTRAL CITY HOUSING WAS EXAMINED USING ECONOMIC CONCEPTS AND DATA FROM MINNEAPOLIS CENSUS TRACTS IN 1970.
Abstract: MEAN VALUE OF OWNER-OCCUPIED HOUSING AND MEAN RENT WERE THE TWO DEPENDENT VARIABLES. EACH WAS ESTIMATED SEPARATELY IN THE BASIC EQUATION. USING FORWARD INCLUSION REGRESSION, ONE VARIABLE ENTERED THE EQUATION AT EACH STEP UNTIL NO VARIABLES WITH INSIGNIFICANT COEFFICIENTS REMAINED. RESULTS SHOWED THAT TWO TYPES OF CRIME (VANDALISM AND RESIDENTIAL BURGLARY) EXERTED A STRONG INFLUENCE ON THE DEMAND FOR OWNER-OCCUPIED RESIDENCES AND HENCE THE VALUE OF SUCH RESIDENCES IN MINNEAPOLIS. FOR EVERY 1 PERCENT OF AN OWNER-OCCUPIED UNIT FELL ABOUT $336. ACROSS MINNEAPOLIS CENCUS TRACTS, THE RESIDENTIAL BURGLARY RATE RANGED FROM 1 PERCENT TO 14 PERCENT OF RESIDENTIAL UNITS. SIMILARILY, EVERY VANDALISM INCIDENT PER 1,000 POPULATION WAS ASSOCIATED WITH A RESIDENCE VALUE DROP OF ABOUT $117. VANDALISM RATES VARIED FROM UNDER 1 PER 1,000 POPULATION TO ABOUT 30 PER 1,000. FACTOR ANALYSIS COMPARING PROPERTY CRIMES AND STREET CRIMES SHOWED THAT ONLY PROPERTY CRIME SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED THE VALUE OF OWNER-OCCUPIED HOUSING. FOR MEAN RENT, THE FACTOR REPRESENTING STREET CRIME HAD A STRONG DEPRESSING INFLUENCE. RESULTS SHOWED THAT CRIME IMPOSES WINDFALL LOSSES ON PROPERTY OWNERS. RESULTS ALSO SUGGESTED THAT A GIVEN CRIME CONTROL PROGRAM WILL MORE LIKELY GENERATE AN UNAMBIGUOUS NET SOCIAL BENEFIT ONLY IF IMPLEMENTED ON A CITYWIDE BASIS. NEVERTHELESS, ADDITIONAL RESEARCH IS NEEDED, ESPECIALLY ON SUCH ISSUES AS DISPLACEMENT EFFECTS OF CRIME CONTROLS AND WHETHER CERTAIN NEIGHBORHOODS ARE 'CRIMINOGENIC.' NOTES, A REFERENCE LIST, AND AN APPENDIX CONTAINING AN ESTIMATE OF LOST PROPERTY TAX REVENUE ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Burglary; Comparative analysis; Crime costs; Economic analysis; Property crimes; Statistical analysis; Street crimes; Vandalism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64251

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