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NCJ Number: 64254 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: FINANCIAL RELEASE AND PRETRIAL MISCONDUCT RISK IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (FROM COSTS OF CRIME, 1979, BY CHARLES M GRAY - SEE NCJ-64248)
Author(s): J A ROTH
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 74-NI-99-008; 75-NI-99-0111; 76-NI-99-0118; 77-NI-99-0060
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PRETRIAL RELEASE IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA WAS STUDIED EMPIRICALLY BY EXAMINING RELEASE CONDITIONS IMPOSED, WHICH DEFENDANTS OBTAINED RELEASE, AND WHICH COMMITTED PRETRIAL CRIMES OR FAILED TO APPEAR FOR TRIAL.
Abstract: THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA'S PRETRIAL RELEASE PROGRAM CONTAINS ELEMENTS OF BOTH THE CRIME CONTROL MODEL AND THE DUE PROCESS MODEL. THE STUDY INVOLVED MULTIVARIATE BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS BASED ON ECONOMIC CONCEPTS USED IN THE LANDES LOGIT MODEL. RESULTS INDICATED A LACK OF CORRESPONDENCE AMONG SETS OF VARIABLES PREDICTING IMPOSITION OF BOND, FAILURE TO APPEAR IN COURT, AND PRETRIAL ARRESTS. ONLY EMPLOYMENT STATUS HAD A CONSISTENT EFFECT: EMPLOYED DEFENDANTS WERE LESS LIKELY TO BE HELD ON BOND, TO FAIL TO APPEAR, AND TO BE REARRESTED BEFORE TRIAL IF RELEASED. LOCAL RESIDENTS DID NOT HAVE BETTER APPEARANCE OR REARREST RECORDS THAN NONLOCALS. THE DATA INDICATED THAT (1) GOALS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA RELEASE SYSTEM ARE UNCLEAR, (2) THE SYSTEM NEITHER ATTEMPTS TO MINIMIZE FAILURE TO APPEAR FOR TRIAL NOR PRETRIAL CRIME, AND (3) THE SYSTEM DOES NOT NOT SELECTIVELY RELEASE THE LOWEST RISK DEFENDANTS AND HOLD THE HIGHEST RISK DEFENDANTS. THE STUDY CONCLUDED THAT STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF PREVIOUS CASES CAN ASSIST JUDGES IN ACHIEVING A MORE EFFICENT TRADEOFF BETWEEN RISK OF MISCONDUCT AND UNNECESSARY PRETRIAL INCARCERATION. HOWEVER, THIS ANALYSIS SHOULD NOT BE USED TO PREDICT INDIVIDUAL CASES AND IS LIMITED BY THE DATA AND METHODOLOGY USED. FINDINGS NEITHER SUPPORT NOR REFUTE THE POSITION THAT SPEEDIER TRIALS WOULD SOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF PRETRIAL CRIME AND FAILURE TO APPEAR. FURTHER RESEARCH ON THIS ISSUE IS NEEDED. FIGURES, TABLES, NOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Crime control model; Crime prediction; District of Columbia; Due process model; Economic analysis; Judicial discretion; Pretrial release; Preventive detention
Note: EARLIER VERSION PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, DALLAS, TEXAS, NOVEMBER 11, 1978
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64254

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