skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64340 Find in a Library
Title: COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY - SIGNIFICANCE AND TASKS
Author(s): D SZABO
Corporate Author: Universidad Del Zulia
Centro de Investigaciones Criminologicas
Facultas de Derecho
Venezuela
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 71
Sponsoring Agency: Universidad Del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Document
Language: Spanish
Country: Venezuela
Annotation: THE SIGNIFICANCE AND THE PLANNED TASKS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY ARE DISCUSSED WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF A STATE-OF-THE-ART REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY CRIMINOLOGY.
Abstract: THE PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE GLOBAL OR MACROAPPROACH TO CRIMINOLOGY, GIVEN A WORKING DEFINITION AS COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY, ARE DETAILED FOR A SCHOLARLY AUDIENCE. THE CURRENT TRENDS IN EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN CRIMINOLOGICAL THOUGHT ARE EXPLORED, WITH PARTICULAR EMPHASIS ON THE THEORIES OF THE RADICAL 'SOCIAL REACTION' CRIMINOLOGY THEORETICIANS, WHO DENY THE EXISTENCE OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AS DEVIANCE FROM THE NORM, BECAUSE THEY DO NOT RECOGNIZE THE VALIDITY OF THE NORM. THE TASK OF THE INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY IS DEFINED AS DISCOVERING MUTUALLY SHARED VIEWPOINTS AMONG ALL NATIONS AND FINDING AN AGREEMENT ON UNIVERSALLY VALID DEFINITIONS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL DEFENSE MECHANISM, WHILE ENDEAVORING TO REFORM TRADITIONAL CRIMINOLOGY AND THE EXISTING CRIMINAL CODES AND SYSTEMS OF JUSTICE. THE CENTER'S PROGRAM DESCRIBED HERE CALLS FOR THE CENTER TO MAINTAIN A CONTINUING DIALOGUE AMONG ITS MEMBERS ON CRIMINOLOGICAL ISSUES, IN WHICH NOT ONLY CRIMINOLOGISTS, BUT SCIENTISTS REPRESENTING ALL ALLIED DISCIPLINES (SOCIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, AND POLITICAL SCIENCE) SHOULD PARTICIPATE. THE PROGRAM ALSO EMPHASIZES THAT THE MEMBERS SHOULD FREQUENTLY EXCHANGE REPORTS ON THEIR ONGOING PROJECTS AND EXPERIENCES, ESPECIALLY ON THE SUBJECT OF INTERVENTION VIS-A-VIS INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS IN THE FIELDS OF CRIME PREVENTION AND OFFENDER TREATMENT. THE CONCEPTS OF 'MACROCRIMINOLOGY' AND 'MICROCRIMINOLOGY' ARE DEFINED. FINALLY, A PLEA FOR THE INCLUSION OF COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY IN ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND LAW SCHOOL CURRICULA IS EXPRESSED. --IN SPANISH. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Court reform; Criminology; Decriminalization; Deviance; Law reform; Political influences; Radical criminology; Worldwide
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64340

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.