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NCJ Number: 64342 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: HOUSING JUSTICE IN SMALL CLAIMS COURTS
Author(s): J C RUHNKA
Corporate Author: American Bar Association
United States of America

National Ctr for State Courts
Publications Dept
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 168
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Association

National Ctr for State Courts
Williamsburg, VA 23185
National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550
US Dept of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC 20410-3000
Grant Number: APR.75-07905
Contract Number: H-2856
Publication Number: R0043
Sale Source: National Ctr for State Courts
Publications Dept
300 Newport Avenue
Williamsburg, VA 23185
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF LANDLORD-TENANT JUSTICE IN SMALL CLAIMS COURTS IS ONE COMPONENT OF THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION'S NATIONAL HOUSING JUSTICE AND FIELD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM TO RESOLVE HOUSING DISPUTES.
Abstract: DATA WERE COLLECTED FROM A 2-YEAR NATIONAL EXAMINATION OF SMALL CLAIMS COURTS. THE EXAMINATION INCLUDED CASELOAD ANALYSIS, LITIGANT SURVEYS, AND COMPREHENSIVE JUDICIAL AND COURT STAFF INTERVIEWS IN 15 SMALL CLAIMS JURISDICTIONS. COURT RECORD DATA AND LITIGANT QUESTIONNAIRE DATA WERE ANALYZED TO HELP DISTINGUISH SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN LANDLORD-TENANT DISPUTES FROM OTHER TYPES OF SMALL CLAIMS DISPUTES AND LITIGANTS AND TO DETERMINE IF CERTAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF LANDLORD-TENANT DISPUTES SEEMED TO INDICATE PROCEDURAL, STAFFING, AND/OR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL CHANGES TO IMPROVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION. THE NUMBER OF HOUSING-RELATED CASES IS HIGH IN LOCAL JUSTICE SYSTEM CASELOAD VOLUME. BECAUSE HOUSING LITIGATION IS FRAGMENTED IN ITS DISTRIBUTION AMONG COURTS, SERIOUS CONSIDERATION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO ESTABLISHING COMPREHENSIVE HOUSING COURTS AT THE LOCAL LEVEL WHERE HOUSING CASES CAN BE BROUGHT, CONSOLIDATED, AND HANDLED WITHOUT THE NEED FOR LITIGANTS TO USE SEVERAL JUDICIAL FORUMS. REFORM SHOULD BE INSTITUTED TO MINIMIZE INEFFICIENCIES AND INEQUITIES IN THE HANDLING OF HOUSING DISPUTES BY SMALL CLAIMS COURTS. DETAILED ANALYSIS OF LANDLORD-TENANT JUSTICE, LITIGANTS, CASE OUTCOMES, DEFAULT JUDGMENTS, PRETRIAL SETTLEMENTS, COLLECTION OF JUDGMENTS, AND TIME AND COSTS REQUIRED FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION IS PRESENTED. SUPPORTING DATA ARE TABULATED. APPENDIXES CONTAIN INFORMATION ON STATUTORY VARIATIONS IN SMALL CLAIMS COURTS BY STATE AND NATIONAL SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRES. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Landlord-tenant courts; Small claims courts
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64342

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