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NCJ Number: 64357 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME PREVENTION AND THE POLICE - ENGLAND
Author(s): J BURROWS; P EKBLOM; K HEAL
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Pendragon House
Mystic, CT 06355
Sale Source: Pendragon House
185 Willow Street
P.O. Box 424
Mystic, CT 06355
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS ENGLISH REPORT CONTAINS TWO STUDIES, BOTH EXPERIMENTAL IN DESIGN, WHICH EXAMINE TWO ASPECTS OF CRIME PREVENTION AND ASSESS THEIR IMPACT ON PARTICULAR TYPES OF CRIME.
Abstract: THE FIRST STUDY EXAMINES THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A PUBLICITY CAMPAIGN TO ENCOURAGE THE PUBLIC TO LOCK UNATTENDED VEHICLES AND SO REDUCE CAR CRIME. THE CAMPAIGN WAS CONDUCTED IN PLYMOUTH, ENGLAND, AND ENTAILED USE OF POSTERS AND HANDBILLS, TELEVISION AND RADIO SPOTS, NEWSPAPER ANNOUNCEMENTS, AND OTHER DEVICES TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS OF CAR THEFT THREATS. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE CAMPAIGN WAS GAUGED USING PATROL-OFFICER-COLLECTED DATA ON PERCENTAGES OF CARS OBSERVED TO BE LOCKED AND OFFICIAL RECORDS ON AUTO THEFT FOR THE STUDY PERIOD. THE RESULTS SHOW THAT THE CAMPAIGN DID NOT SUCCEED IN PERSUADING A GREATER PROPORTION OF DRIVERS TO LOCK THEIR CARS, NOR DID IT EFFECT A REDUCTION IN CAR CRIME. POLICE DETERMINED THAT LACK OF PUBLIC CONCERN MAY BE DUE TO DRIVERS' PERCEPTIONS THAT THE RISK AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF HAVING A CAR STOLEN ARE NOT SERIOUS. YOUNGER DRIVERS, IN PARTICULAR, PERCEIVE THAT MOST CAR THIEVES WOULD NOT BE DETERRED BY A LOCKED VEHICLE. THE SECOND STUDY EXAMINES THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRUANCY PATROLS IN REDUCING CRIMES COMMITTED BY CHILDREN. IT INVOLVED A TIME SERIES STUDY OF TRUANCY INCIDENCE AND CRIME INDEXES BEFORE AND AFTER A PERIOD OF STEPPED-UP TRUANCY PATROLS. THERE WAS LITTLE CONVINCING EVIDENCE THAT THE PATROLS CUT CRIME AT TIMES WHEN CHILDREN SHOULD HAVE BEEN AT SCHOOL, AND NO IMPLICATIONS FOR LONGER-TERM PREVENTIVE EFFECTS OF THE PATROLS OR OTHER BENEFITS THAT MAY HAVE ACCRUED. TABULAR DATA, FOOTNOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED FOR EACH ARTICLE. FOR SEPARATE PAPERS, SEE NCJ 64358-59. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--PRG)
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Crime prevention measures; England; Foreign police; Motor Vehicle Theft; Truancy
Note: HOME OFFICE RESEARCH STUDY N 55
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64357

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