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NCJ Number: 64365 Find in a Library
Title: COMPUTER SOFTWARE - BRIDGE TO INFORMATION UTILIZATION (FROM MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE DRUG FIELD, 1979, BY GEORGE M BESCHNER ET AL - SEE NCJ-64360)
Author(s): C B MACCOY; A C MACCOY; J E RIVERS
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20852
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: 5 H81 DA 01729-03
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: COMPUTER SOFTWARE AND SYSTEMS ARE DISCUSSED, REQUIREMENTS FOR AND DISADVANTAGES OF THEIR USE ARE NOTED, AND AN EXAMPLE OF THEIR APPLICATION IS PRESENTED FOR DRUG ABUSE PROGRAM PERSONNEL.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH COMPUTER SYSTEMS CAN GREATLY AID COST EFFECTIVENESS AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN DRUG ABUSE PROGRAMS, STAFF RESISTANCE TO THEM OFTEN PREVENTS THEIR USE. IN ADDITION, SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE (THE SYSTEMS PACKAGE) ARE USUALLY TOO COMPLEX AND EXPENSIVE TO MEET THE NEEDS OF SOCIAL SERVICES. DETAILED DESCRIPTIONS OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE AND ITS USE ARE PRESENTED. EXPENSIVE DATA BASE OR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ARE USUALLY OPERATED BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SERVICE MANY DEPARTMENTS OR AGENCIES. HOWEVER, MOST DRUG ABUSE PROGRAMS LACK THE RESOURCES AND PERSONNEL TO DEVISE THEIR OWN SYSTEMS OR USE EXISTING SYSTEMS. ALTHOUGH CERTAIN HARDWARE MAY ACCOMMODATE DIFFERENT SOFTWARE SYSTEMS, SOFTWARE-HARDWARE COMPATABILITY HAS SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS. ONCE COMPATABILITY IS DETERMINED, HOWEVER, THE USER MUST ALSO UNDERSTAND THE SOFTWARE'S CHARACTERISTICS FOR IT TO BE OF USE. DISADVANTAGES OF SOFTWARE USE BY DRUG ABUSE PROGRAMS INCLUDE LARGE SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR STORAGE, DIFFICULTIES IN CHANGING THE SOFTWARE AS NEEDS ARISE, AND PURCHASE OR MAINTENANCE PROBLEMS. A SURVEY OF SOFTWARE USE IN DADE COUNTY, FLA., EXEMPLIFIES THE GAP BETWEEN POTENTIAL AND ACTUAL USE OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS IN SOCIAL SERVICE PROGRAMS, AND DESCRIBES A SOFTWARE PACKAGE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Computer software; Decisionmaking; Drug treatment programs; Information processing; Systems analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64365

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