skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64391 Find in a Library
Title: PERIODIC DETENTION - A COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL AND NON-RESIDENTIAL CENTRES - NEW ZEALAND
Corporate Author: New Zealand Dept of Justice
Research Unit
Planning and Development Div
New Zealand
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: New Zealand Dept of Justice
New Zealand
Publication Number: STUDY SERIES N 4
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: New Zealand
Annotation: USING RECONVICTION RATES AS A MEASURE, THIS STUDY COMPARED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL PERIODIC DETENTION PROGRAMS FOR JUVENILES IN NEW ZEALAND, A COMMUNITY - BASED APPROACH IN WHICH THE COURT ORDERS AN OFFENDER TO ATTEND A CENTER FOR TREATMENT AND OTHER ACTIVITIES FOR A SPECIFIED TIME PERIOD.
Abstract: THE SAMPLE FOR THIS PROJECT CONSISTED OF 2 MATCHED GROUPS OF 29 JUVENILES EACH SELECTED FROM YOUTHS SENTENCED TO PERIODIC DETENTION IN THE WELLINGTON MAGISTRATE'S AND CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS COURTS BETWEEN 1974 AND 1977. BOTH GROUPS PARTICIPATED IN THE SAME PROGRAM ADMINISTERED BY THE SAME STAFF, BUT GROUP 1 YOUTHS WERE REQUIRED TO RESIDE IN THE CENTER FRIDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHTS WHILE GROUP 2 YOUTHS WERE NOT. VARIABLES USED IN MATCHING INCLUDED SENTENCE LENGTH, DELINQUENCY HISTORY, AGE, RACE, EDUCATION, AND FAMILY BACKGROUND. YOUTHS WERE FOLLOWEDUP 1 YEAR AFTER THEIR SENTENCE ENDED TO DETERMINE IF ANY HAD BEEN RECONVICTED. SERIOUS TRAFFIC CONVICTIONS WERE INCLUDED BECAUSE PERIODIC DETENTION IS BEING USED INCREASINGLY FOR THESE OFFENSES. A PRIOR EVALUATION OF OFFENDERS SENTENCED TO PERIODIC DETENTION INDICATED A TREND TOWARD HIGHER RECONVICTION RATES AND CUSTODIAL SENTENCES UPON RECONVICTION. ANALYSIS OF THE DATA COLLECTED FOR THIS STUDY SHOWED THAT RESIDENTIAL DETAINEES DID NOT BREACH THE PERIODIC DETENTION ORDER MORE OFTEN THAN NONRESIDENTIAL DETAINEES, EVEN THOUGH THEY WERE SUBJECT TO MORE RESTRAINTS. NO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE GROUPS WERE DISCOVERED REGARDING SENTENCE COMPLETION RATES, RECONVICTIONS DURING THE PERIODIC DETENTION SENTENCE, AND RECONVICTIONS DURING THE FOLLOWUP PERIOD. MOST OFFENDERS FROM BOTH GROUPS WERE RECONVICTED IN THE YEAR FOLLOWING PERIODIC DETENTION AND RECEIVED CUSTODIAL SENTENCES. IN SOME CASES, THE RESIDENTIAL OFFENDER WAS GIVEN A FURTHER PERIODIC DETENTION SENTENCE, WHILE THE MATCHED PARTNER FROM THE NONRESIDENTIAL SAMPLE WAS NOT RECONVICTED OR RECEIVED A LESSER SENTENCE. THIS DIFFERENCE MIGHT BE SIGNIFICANT IN A LARGER SAMPLE. OVERALL, NEITHER THE RESIDENTIAL NOR THE NONRESIDENTIAL SETTING COULD BE REGARDED AS MORE EFFECTIVE IN PREVENTING RECONVICTION. TABLES AND THREE REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. THE APPENDIXES CONTAIN A LIST OF TRAFFIC OFFENSES DEFINED AS SERIOUS IN THE STUDY, AN OFFENSE SERIOUSNESS SCALE, CODING DEFINITIONS, AND A DISCUSSION OF THE MATCHING TECHNIQUES.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Comparative analysis; Correctional Day Programs; Juvenile detention; Juvenile group houses; New Zealand; Program evaluation; Recidivism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64391

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.