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NCJ Number: 64413 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: TERRORISM AND HOSTAGE NEGOTIATIONS
Author(s): A H MILLER
Corporate Author: Westview Press, Inc
Marketing Director
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 150
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Westview Press, Inc
Boulder, CO 80301
Grant Number: 76-NI-99-0108
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Westview Press, Inc
Marketing Director
5500 Central Avenue
Boulder, CO 80301
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN EXAMINATION OF METHODS USED TO DEAL WITH HOSTAGE SITUATIONS INCLUDES AN ANALYSIS OF TERRORIST MANIPULATION OF HOSTAGE/BARRICADE TACTICS, POLITICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS INVOLVED, AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE.
Abstract: FOLLOWING AN OVERVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM AS A TYPE OF WARFARE, AN EXAMINATION OF TERRORISM AND DEMOCRACY, AND A DISCUSSION OF TERRORISM AND THE UNITED NATIONS, THE POLICE EXPERIENCE CONCERNING HOSTAGE NEGOTIATIONS IS EXPLORED. THE CASE OF THE WASHINGTON D.C., HANAFI MUSLIM TAKEOVER OF THE B'NAI BRITH AND OTHER BUILDINGS, IS ANALYZED FROM THE PERSPECTIVES OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC INFLUENCES, THE POLICE TACTICAL RESPONSE, THE MOTIVATION FOR CAPITULATION, THE VALUE OF NEGOTIATION, AND NEGOTIATIONS AS RITUAL. A CONSIDERATION OF THE PROBLEM OF TRANSFERENCE INVOLVES THE PROCESS ITSELF, TRANSFERENCE AS A FUNCTION OF OTHER VARIABLES, THE STOCKHOLM SYNDROME, CHARACTERISTICS OF HOSTAGE TAKERS AND HOSTAGES, HOSTAGE COPING, AND TERRORISTS' DEMANDS. DISCUSSION OF SWAT (SPECIAL WEAPONS AND TACTICS) ENCOMPASSES SWAT'S PHILOSOPHY, RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING, TACTICAL PROCEDURES, PROBLEMS FACING SWAT, AND SWAT AND THE MEDIA. THE DILEMMA OF TERRORISM AND THE MEDIA IS REVIEWED COVERING CONSTRAINTS ON A SOLUTION AND PROBLEMS OF MEDIA INTRUSION AND MEDIA DEPICTION OF TERRORIST ACTIONS. FINALLY, A CONSIDERATION OF TERRORISM AND GOVERNMENT POLICY LEADS TO SEVERAL CONCLUSIONS ABOUT POLICY IMPLICATIONS AND DOMESTIC CONSEQUENCES: (1) HOSTAGE NEGOTIATIONS REQUIRE A COORDINATED SET OF PREDETERMINED TACTICS BETWEEN SPECIAL WEAPONS UNITS AND TRAINED NEGOTIATORS; (2) THE APPLICATION OF NEGOTIATION TECHNIQUES HAS BEEN MOST SUCCESSFUL IN SITUATIONS INVOLVING INTERRUPTED FELONIES; (3) AN OPEN POLICY OF NONNEGOTIATION WILL NOT ACT AS A DETERRENT TO POLITICAL HOSTAGE TAKING; (4) TACTICS USED IN HOSTAGE AND BARRICADE SITUATIONS WITH FELONS CAN SUCCEED IN SITUATIONS INVOLVING POLITICAL TERRORISTS IF THE TERRORISTS ARE PRIMARILY INTERESTED IN MAKING A SYMBOLIC STATEMENT AND OBTAINING PUBLICITY; (5) THE TYPE OF TERRORISM POLICY A GOVERNMENT WILL BE ABLE TO IMPLEMENT IS A FUNCTION OF THE POLITICAL CLIMATE A GOVERNMENT CONFRONTS; AND (6) THE EXPERIENCE OF BEING A HOSTAGE DOES NOT END WITH A RESOLUTION OF THE SITUATION. CHAPTER REFERENCE NOTES, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND AN INDEX ARE PROVIDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Crisis management; Hostage negotiations; Hostage syndromes; Hostage takers; Hostages; Media coverage; Police hostage-negotiation units; Political influences; Politically motivated violent crimes; Psychological warfare; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT); United Nations (UN)
Note: WESTVIEW SPECIAL STUDIES IN NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64413

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