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NCJ Number: 64434 Find in a Library
Title: ONCE AGAIN - CLASS AND CHANCES OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR - AT THE SAME TIME A BOOK REVIEW OF 'THE STATE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE IN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL CONTROL THROUGH CRIMINAL LAW'
Journal: KRIMINOLOGISCHES JOURNAL  Volume:11  Issue:3  Dated:(1979)  Pages:221-227
Author(s): E BLANKENBURG
Corporate Author: Arbeitskreis Junger Kriminologen
Germany (Unified)
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Arbeitskreis Junger Kriminologen
2800 Bremen 93, Germany United
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: CLASS FACTORS AFFECTING PROSECUTION OF CRIMES AS WELL AS DISCRIMINATION AT ALL LEVELS OF THE WEST GERMAN LEGAL PROCESS ARE DISCUSSED IN CONNECTION WITH A CURRENT BOOK ON THE ROLE OF THE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE IN SOCIAL CONTROL.
Abstract: THE BOOK ANALYZES FORMAL AND INFORMAL FACTORS AFFECTING INDICTMENTS BY THE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE. ALTHOUGH THE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE APPARENTLY ONLY CONTRIBUTES A SMALL PORTION TO THE TOTAL DISCRIMINATION OF THE LEGAL SYSTEM AGAINST THE LOWER CLASSES, ITS SELECTIVE FUNCTION IS PARTICULARLY SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE THIS SELECTION LABELS BEHAVIOR AS LEGAL OR ILLEGAL. ONE OF THE MOST DIFFICULT PROBLEMS IS THAT MIDDLE CLASS INDIVIDUALS HAVE OPPORTUNITIES TO COMMIT 'ELEGANT' CRIMES WHICH ARE DIFFICULT TO DISCOVER AND TO PROSECUTE, WHEREAS MEMBERS OF THE LOWER CLASSES ARE MORE LIKELY TO BECOME INVOLVED IN THEFT OR OTHER EASILY INVESTIGATED CRIMES. OVERREPRESENTATION OF LOWER-CLASS INDIVIDUALS IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS IS ATTRIBUTED TO DISCRIMINATORY PATTERNS OF PERCEPTION APPLIED AT EACH STEP OF THE LEGAL PROCESS. DISCRIMINATION IS SLIGHT FOR EACH STEP, AND ONLY BECOMES MARKED COLLECTIVELY, SO THAT NO INDIVIDUAL OFFICIAL MUST DWELL ON THE CONSEQUENCES OF HIS ROLE. STUDIES OF CLASS DISCRIMINATION IN THE SEPARATE STEPS OF THE LEGAL PROCESS MUST ASK QUESTIONS AS WHETHER THE DEFINITION OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IS CLASS-SPECIFIC, TO WHAT EXTENT PATTERNS OF PERCEPTION AND VICTIMS' CRIME REPORTING BEHAVIOR ARE CLASS-RELATED, WHETHER CLASS-SPECIFIC DISCRIMINATION IS ONLY PASSIVE, AND HOW GREAT THE RELATIVE CHANCES OF CRIMINALIZATION ARE FOR MEN VERSUS WOMEN AND FOR JUVENILES VERSUS ADULTS. NOTES AND A BRIEF BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED. --IN GERMAN. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Discrimination; Germany; Prosecutorial discretion; Prosecutorial screening; Social classes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64434

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