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NCJ Number: 64444 Find in a Library
Title: WORK IN PRISON AND ALTERNATIVE METHODS TO PRISON AS TREATED IN THE LAW OF JULY 20, 1975, N 354
Journal: RASSEGNA DI CRIMINOLOGIA  Volume:6  Issue:1-2  Dated:(1975)  Pages:201-210
Author(s): G B TRAVERSO
Corporate Author: Rassegna di Criminologia
Italy
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Rassegna di Criminologia
16132, Genova, Italy
Format: Article
Language: Italian
Country: Italy
Annotation: UNDER THE NEW CORRECTIONAL REFORM LAWS CURRENTLY BEING ENACTED IN ITALY, VOCATIONAL TRAINING AND MEANINGFUL PRISON WORK ARE PRESCRIBED AS THE MOST EFFECTIVE AIDS TO INMATE REHABILITATION AND SOCIAL REINTEGRATION.
Abstract: DESPITE THE NEW EMPHASIS PLACED ON VOCATIONAL TRAINING AND WORK PROGRAMS BY ITALIAN CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS, THESE INTRINSICALLY PRAISEWORTHY REHABILITATION TOOLS HAVE SO FAR FAILED TO ACHIEVE THEIR STATED OBJECTIVES, ESPECIALLY THE PREVENTION OF RECIDIVISM. TO BLAME ARE THE POOR QUALITY OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING AND THE SELF-SERVING ORIENTATION OF CORRECTIONAL WORK PROGRAMS, WHICH ARE DESIGNED TO FULFILL THE SPECIFIC NEEDS OF THE INSTITUTION RATHER THAN TO GIVE INMATES WORK EXPERIENCE AND SKILLS IN LABOR MARKET DEMANDS. MORE IMPORTANT, HOWEVER, IS THE ARTIFICIAL AND AUTHORITARIAN PRISON LIFE PERSIST AFTER THEIR RELEASE, PROMPTING EX-OFFENDERS TO REFUSE TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF ANY MARKETABLE SKILLS THEY HAVE LEARNED IN PRISON JUST TO SHOW THEIR CONTEMPT FOR AUTHORITY, THEREBY CLINGING TO A NEGATIVE IDENTITY THEY HAVE FASHIONED FOR THEMSELVES AS THE ONLY IDENTITY THEY FEEL THEY WILL EVER HAVE. THE HOSTILITY AND PREJUDICE CAUSED BY THE NEGATIVE STEREOTYPING THEY ENCOUNTER IN THE COMMUNITY COMPOUNDS THE PROBLEM. THE ONLY SOLUTIONS ARE MINIMUM SECURITY CORRECTIONS, WORK RELEASE ARRANGEMENTS, HALFWAY HOUSES, PROBATION AND PAROLE SUBSIDIES, AND OTHER PRERELEASE AND POSTRELEASE PROGRAMS, FOLLOWING U.S. MODELS, WHICH WILL ALLOW THE INMATES TO GRADUALLY READJUST TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD BEFORE THEIR ACTUAL RELEASE. THESE SOLUTIONS CAN MINIMIZE THE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF PRISONIZATION AND PROMOTE GOOD COMMUNITY RELATIONS BY PERSONAL ACQUAINTANCE WITH THE WORKING INMATES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS SUPPLIED. --IN ITALIAN. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community relations; Community support; Effects of imprisonment; Ex-offender employment; Halfway houses; Inmate attitudes; Italy; Probation or parole subsidy; Social reintegration; Vocational training; Work attitudes; Work release
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64444

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