skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64496 Find in a Library
Title: ARRESTS BEFORE AND DURING METHADONE MAINTENANCE
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE ADDICTIONS  Volume:13  Issue:6  Dated:(1978)  Pages:921-931
Author(s): C L BOWDEN; J F MADDUX; M ESQUIVEL
Corporate Author: Marcel Dekker Journals
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Marcel Dekker Journals
New York, NY 10016
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF METHADONE MAINTENANCE ON CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, THE OFFICIAL POLICE RECORDS FOR 100 HEROIN ADDICTS WERE COMPARED FOR 1-YEAR PERIODS BEFORE AND AFTER ADMISSION TO METHADONE MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS.
Abstract: THE 100 ADDICTS WERE ADMITTED TO SAN ANTONIO, TEX., METHADONE MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS BETWEEN DECEMBER 15, 1971 AND DECEMBER 23, 1971. ALL PATIENTS ENTERED THE PROGRAM VOLUNTARILY. THE STUDY POPULATION WAS 92 PERCENT MALE AND 96 PERCENT MEXICAN-AMERICAN, WITH 84 PERCENT NONGRADUATES OF HIGH SCHOOL. AFTER 1 YEAR, 70 PERCENT WERE RECEIVING METHADONE. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF CRIMINAL CHARGES DECREASED FROM 189 BEFORE ADMISSION TO 129 AFTER ADMISSION. EXCLUDING VAGRANCY, THE REDUCTION IN CRIMINAL CHARGES WAS ONLY 14 PERCENT. IN ONE CATEGORY (BURGLARY AND THEFT), A STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT DECREASE OF 40 PERCENT WAS FOUND. ARREST FREQUENCIES WERE GENERALLY CORRELATED WITH OTHER OUTCOME MEASURES SUCH AS EMPLOYMENT STATUS AND CONTINUATION IN METHADONE TREATMENT. THOSE NOT ARRESTED IN THE YEAR BEFORE TREATMENT WERE ONLY HALF AS LIKELY TO BE ARRESTED IN THE YEAR AFTER TREATMENT. THOSE NOT ARRESTED IN EITHER PERIOD HAD MUCH HIGHER RATES OF EMPLOYMENT AND PROGRAM RETENTION. RESULTS SUGGEST THAT (1) METHADONE MAINTENANCE MODESTLY REDUCED BEHAVIOR; (2) METHADONE MAINTENANCE PRODUCED NO SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION IN CRIME NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO NARCOTICS ADDICTION; AND (3) METHADONE PROGRAM STAFF MAY USE ARREST HISTORY AS A GUIDE TO PROSPECTIVE PROBLEMS WITH WORK, COMPLIANCE WITH PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS, AND ADDITIONAL CRIMINAL ACTIVITY. A FIGURE AND A REFERENCE LIST ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Arrest records; Comparative analysis; Drug dependence; Drug offenders; Drug Related Crime; Methadone maintenance; Program evaluation; Texas
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64496

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.