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NCJ Number: 64530 Find in a Library
Title: COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS - THEORY AND OPERATION (FROM ANATOMY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE - A SYSTEM OVERVIEW, 1980, BY CLEON H FOUST AND D ROBERT WEBSTER - SEE NCJ-64520)
Author(s): R P SEITER
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS ARE RECOMMENDED AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR PRISONS, AND A NEW CORRECTIONS SYSTEM PROVIDING GRADES OF PUNISHMENT, DIVERSIONARY PROGRAMS, AND COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS IS PRESENTED.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH USE OF COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS IS INCREASING, MOST PROGRAMS ARE POORLY PLANNED AND NO SYSTEMATIC CORRECTIONAL PROCESS FOCUSING ON COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS HAS BEEN DEVELOPED. COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS CORRECT OFFENDERS IN THE COMMUNITY RATHER THAN IN PRISON. COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS ALSO STRESS MINIMUM PENETRATION (THAT AN OFFENDER SHOULD BE PLACED IN THE LEAST SECURE PROGRAM OR FACILITY ADVISABLE) TO MINIMIZE DISRUPTION OF THE PERSON'S COMMUNITY BEHAVIOR. COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS INVOLVE COMMUNITY RESOURCES AND LINK THE OFFENDER TO THE COMMUNITY AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. ALTHOUGH PRISONS HAVE BEEN USED IN THE U.S. SINCE THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, THE ARTICLE ASSERTS THAT THEY HAVE ALWAYS BEEN INHUMANE, VERY COSTLY, AND LARGELY INEFFECTIVE: CURRENT ESTIMATES OF RECIDIVISM AMONG EX-PRISONERS RANGE FROM ONE-THIRD TO 80 PERCENT. MANY PENOLOGISTS BLAME THIS HIGH RATE OF INEFFECTIVENESS ON PRISONERS' BECOMING SOCIALLY MALADJUSTED THROUGH ISOLATION. FOUR COMMON MODELS OF CORRECTIONS ARE DISCUSSED, AND THE REINTEGRATIVE MODEL (A FRAMEWORK TO RECONCILE THE OFFENDER AND COMMUNITY THROUGH MUTUAL INVOLVEMENT) IS PRESENTED AS A BASIS FOR A NEW CORRECTIONS SYSTEM WITH TRADITIONAL CORRECTIONS GOALS. NOTES, CHARTS, AND AN APPENDED COMMENTARY ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community involvement; Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional facilities; Correctional organization; Correctional planning; Correctional reform; Corrections effectiveness
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64530

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