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NCJ Number: 64545 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CAUSAL THEORIES OF CRIME AND THEIR EFFECT UPON EXPERT PAROLE DECISIONS
Journal: LAW AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:377-388
Author(s): J S CARROLL
Corporate Author: Plenum Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Publishing Corp
New York, NY 10013-1576
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH32855
Sale Source: Plenum Publishing Corp
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013-1576
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE PRESENTS A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING JUDGMENTS ABOUT CRIME AND CRIMINALS AND ARGUES THAT CAUSAL ATTRIBUTIONS ARE PREVALENT AND IMPORTANT IN THE WAY LAY PEOPLE AND EXPERTS UNDERSTAND CRIME.
Abstract: TO ILLUSTRATE THIS APPROACH, THE ROLE OF ATTRIBUTION IN PAROLE DECISIONS IS EXTENSIVELY DESCRIBED. SPECIFICALLY, RESEARCH HAS DEMONSTRATED THAT EXPERT PAROLE DECISIONMAKERS MAKE CAUSAL ATTRIBUTIONS IN THE PROCESS OF DELIBERATING ABOUT THE RELEASE OF OFFENDERS, WITH THE MOST TYPICAL ATTRIBUTIONS REGARDING THE CAUSES OF CRIME BEING SUBSTANCE ABUSE, PROFIT, VICTIM PRECIPITATION, INFLUENCE OF ASSOCIATES, PERSONALITY DEFICIENCIES, AND DOMESTIC PROBLEMS. THE ATTRIBUTIONAL FRAMEWORK CATEGORIZES ATTRIBUTIONS ABOUT CRIME IN REGARD TO WHETHER THE PERCEIVED CAUSE IS INTERNAL TO THE OFFENDER OR IN THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT, ENDURING OR TEMPORARY, AND INTENTIONAL OR NOT ON THE PART OF THE OFFENDER OR OTHERS. THE ATTRIBUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF RESPONSES TO CRIME HAS SEVERAL POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: (1) IT MAY AID IN RECOGNIZING AND SHARPENING POLICY ISSUES; (2) IT CAN PROVIDE A MEANS OF EVALUATING THE ATTRIBUTIONAL BIASES OF INDIVIDUAL DECISIONMAKERS OR OF ENTIRE SEGMENTS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM; AND (3) IT CAN ASSIST STUDY OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM BY RELATING SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY TO COMPLEX REAL-WORLD JUDGMENTS. FOOTNOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--PRG)
Index Term(s): Decisionmaking; Offenses; Parole; Probation; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Psychology; Research; Theory
Note: PRICE QUOTED IS FOR THE ENTIRE ISSUE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64545

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