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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64548 Find in a Library
Title: DEFENSIBLE SPACE - THE CURRENT STATUS OF A CRIME PREVENTION THEORY
Journal: HOWARD JOURNAL OF PENOLOGY AND CRIME PREVENTION  Volume:18  Issue:3  Dated:(1979)  Pages:150-159
Author(s): P MAYHEW
Corporate Author: Scottish Academic Press Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Scottish Academic Press Ltd
Edinburgh, EH7 5JK, Scotland
Sale Source: Scottish Academic Press Ltd
33 Montgomery Street
Edinburgh, EH7 5JK,
United Kingdom
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: RESEARCH ON THE IDEA THAT ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN CAN PLAY A PART IN PREVENTING CRIME IS EXAMINED AND CRITICIZED.
Abstract: THE THEORY OF DEFENSIBLE SPACE SUGGESTS FOUR CONSTITUENTS OF GOOD DESIGN TO ENCOURAGE THE SOCIAL CONTROL NETWORKS SUPPOSEDLY ERODED BY URBANIZATION, THE PRESSURE OF POPULATION, AND NEW BUILDING TECHNIQUES: (1) TERRITORIALITY, (2) SURVEILLANCE, (3) IMAGE, AND (4) ENVIRONMENT. HOWEVER, OTHER FACTORS ALSO INFLUENCE THE LEVEL OF CRIME, SUCH AS THE SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE RESIDENT POPULATION (E.G., PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES ON WELFARE, PER CAPITA DISPOSABLE INCOME OF RESIDENTS), QUALITY OF HOUSING MANAGEMENT, EXTENT OF TENANT PARTICIPATION IN MANAGING THE HOUSING, NUMBER OF OFFENDERS LIVING IN THE VICINITY, AND RATIO OF CHILDREN TO ADULTS. ALTHOUGH DEFENSIBLE SPACE HAS CONSIDERABLE INTUITIVE APPEAL, IT MAY HAVE BEEN OVERSOLD TO CITY PLANNERS AND HOUSING SPECIALISTS. SOCIAL VARIABLES NEED TO BE CONSIDERED ALONG WITH HOUSING DESIGN, AND THE PRACTICAL PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION SHOULD NOT BE IGNORED. FURTHERMORE, DEFENSIBLE SPACE SOLUTIONS, EVEN IF THEY BENEFIT THOSE WHO ENJOY THEIR PROTECTION, MAY DO LITTLE TO REDUCE THE OVERALL LEVELS OF CRIME. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--PRG)
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Crime Causes; Crime Control Programs; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs; Critiques; Deterrence; Environmental design; Environmental quality; Physical crime prevention; Urban planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64548

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