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NCJ Number: 64550 Find in a Library
Title: READING AND REHABILITATION
Journal: CRIME AND/ET JUSTICE  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(1978)  Pages:207-219
Author(s): R R ROSS
Corporate Author: University of Ottawa Press
Canada
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Ontario Ministry of Correctional Services
Scarborough, Ontario M1L 4P1, Canada
University of Ottawa Press
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada
Type: Bibliography
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: OFFENDER REMEDIAL READING PROGRAMS ARE COMPREHENSIVELY REVIEWED WITH THE CONCLUSION THAT PREVIOUS RESEARCH AND EVALUATION IN THIS FIELD HAS BEEN METHODOLOGICALLY FLAWED AND, THUS, RESULTS ARE UNRELIABLE.
Abstract: THE RELATIONSHIP OF DELINQUENCY AND ILLITERACY IS EVIDENT FROM THE INORDINATE NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS WITH READING PROBLEMS IN THE OFFENDER POPULATION. THE NATURE OF THE OFFENDER READING PROBLEM, HOWEVER, HAS NOT BEEN INVESTIGATED AND THERE IS NO CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE TO INDICATE WHETHER READING DISABILITY IS A CAUSE OR MERELY A CORRELATE OF ANTISOCIAL DELINQUENT, AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. A SERIES OF CORRECTIONAL REMEDIAL READING PROGRAMS WITH PREDELINQUENT AND DELINQUENT CHILDREN SHOWS THAT, DESPITE THE APPARENT SUCCESS OF SOME, METHODOLOGICAL SHORTCOMINGS PRECLUDE ANY CONCLUSIONS AS TO THE EFFICACY OF REMEDIAL READING WITH BEHAVIOR PROBLEM CHILDREN EITHER IN IMPROVING THEIR READING SKILLS OR IN PREVENTING DELINQUENCY. APPROACHES WHICH WEIGH READING PROBLEMS AGAINST EMOTIONAL AND ATTITUDINAL ONES ARE FOUND, AS ARE TECHNIQUES OF OPERANT CONDITIONING, CONTINGENCY CONTRACTING, AND PEER GROUP THERAPY. EVIDENCE OF THE EFFICACY OF REMEDIAL READING IN INSTITUTIONS SUCH AS TRAINING SCHOOLS IS MUCH STRONGER THAN IN COMMUNITY-BASED PROJECTS, BUT READING CHANGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE ARE VARIABLES INADEQUATELY DIFFERENTIATED IN THIS RESEARCH. ENCOURAGING RESULTS HAVE BEEN OBTAINED BY PROGRAMS BASED ON MOTIVATION AND HIGH-INTEREST READING MATERIAL. REMEDIAL READING PROGRAMS IN CORRECTIONAL SETTINGS FOR ADULTS ARE BRIEFLY SUMMARIZED, INCLUDING APPROACHES UTILIZING VOLUNTEERS IN A ONE-TO-ONE RELATIONSHIP. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Educational levels; Educationally disadvantaged persons; Illiteracy; Inmate Programs; Literacy education; Program evaluation; Reading lists; Research design; Research methods; Volunteer programs
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64550

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