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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64552 Find in a Library
Title: THEORY AND PRACTICE IN THE REEDUCATION OF YOUNG DELINQUENTS
Journal: CRIME AND/ET JUSTICE  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(1978)  Pages:228-233
Author(s): M CUSSON
Corporate Author: University of Ottawa Press
Canada
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: University of Ottawa Press
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: THEORIES CONCERNING JUVENILE DELINQUENT REHABILITATION SHOULD BE SUPPLEMENTED BY MORE PRACTICE-ORIENTED CORRECTIONAL THEORY.
Abstract: TO DATE, THEORIES SUFFER FROM THREE DEFECTS: FIRST, THEIR OVERSIMPLICATION OCCURS WHEN A SINGLE IDEA OR TREATMENT CONCEPT IS PRESENTED AS A MIRACLE SOLUTION FOR THE COMPLEX PROBLEMS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS. SECOND, THEIR EXCESSIVE DEPENDENCE ON PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPTS RISKS IGNORING A JUVENILE'S CONCRETE SOCIAL SITUATION AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN FAVOR OF DEALING WITH HIS 'OEDIPUS COMPLEX' OR 'ANAL PHASE.' THIRD, THEIR TENDENCY TO EXTENUATION CAUSES THEM TO GLOSS OVER SUCH PROBLEMS WITHIN THE CORRECTIONAL PROCESS AS THE FREQUENT AND SEVERE DIFFICULTIES OF DELINQUENTS AND EDUCATORS IN ACCEPTING EACH OTHER. AS A RESULT OF INADEQUATE THEORY, A CONSIDERABLE GULF BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE HAS DEVELOPED. WHILE THEORY PROCLAIMS THE JUVENILE'S AUTONOMY AND ADVOCATES NONDIRECTIVE METHODS, PRACTICAL REHABILITATION IS ESSENTIALLY AUTHORITARIAN AND TIED TO NUMEROUS RULES. A TRULY EFFECTIVE CORRECTIONAL THEORY WOULD CLEARLY DEFINE THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS: (1) A VARIETY OF OBJECTIVES (E.G., BUILDING A JUVENILE'S SELF-ESTEEM, SUPPLYING VOCATIONAL TRAINING), (2) THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES ON WHICH THE THEORY IS BASED (E.G., AS LITTLE OFFICIAL INTERFERENCE AS POSSIBLE OR PARTICIPATION OF THE JUVENILE IN THE CORRECTIONAL PROCESS), (3) EDUCATIONAL TECHNIQUES, (4) RULES AND NORMS TO BE ADOPTED BY CORRECTIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS, (5) INTERNAL ORGANIZATION OF CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS, AND (6) THE PRESUMED EFFECTS OF THE TREATMENT ON THE JUVENILE. ALTHOUGH EDUCATORS MIGHT OBJECT THAT THIS TYPE OF CONCRETE THEORY SEVERELY LIMITS THEIR PROFESSIONAL FREEDOM, THEY SHOULD KEEP IN MIND THAT THEIR CONDUCT IS ALREADY SEVERELY REGULATED BY ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS AND THE AD HOC RULES OF THEIR SUPERIORS. THE ARTICLE CONTAINS A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY. --IN FRENCH. (SAJ)
Index Term(s): Juvenile correctional education; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile rehabilitation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64552

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