skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64554 Find in a Library
Title: PSYCHIATRIC ASSESSMENT OF THE DANGEROUSNESS OF MENTALLY ILL OFFENDERS
Journal: CRIME AND/ET JUSTICE  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(1978)  Pages:249-257
Author(s): V L QUINSEY; R AMBTMAN
Corporate Author: University of Ottawa Press
Canada
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: University of Ottawa Press
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THIS STUDY RELATED CHARACTERISTICS OF MENTALLY ILL OFFENDERS TO DISPOSITION RECOMMENDATIONS MADE BY AN INTERDISCIPLINARY HOSPITAL COMMITTEE AND TO DANGEROUSNESS RATINGS OF INDIVIDUAL CLINICIANS.
Abstract: OFFENDERS STUDIED WERE THOSE CLASSIFIED UNDER WARRANT OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR (WLG), DETAINED INDETERMINATELY AS UNFIT FOR TRIAL OR NOT GUILTY BY REASON OF INSANITY FOR A CRIMINAL OFFENSE. DATA OBTAINED ON THE 105 WLG'S INCLUDED THE COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION; 33 BACKGROUND VARIABLES SUCH AS AGE, DIAGNOSIS, LENGTH OF STAY, ETC.; THE SEVERITY OF THE OFFENSE; AND THE NUMBER OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE BEHAVIOR PROGRESS NOTES. THE SEVERITY OF OFFENSE WAS WEIGHED FOR PREMEDITATION, AND THE PROGRESS NOTES RATED BEHAVIOR IMPROVEMENT OR DECLINE AND DISCIPLINARY ACTION. ALL VARIABLES WERE DICHOTOMIZED, AND IT WAS DETERMINED WHETHER EACH VARIABLE SIGNIFICANTLY DISCRIMINATED WLG'S WHO WERE RECOMMENDED FOR TRANSFER FROM THOSE WHO WERE NOT. IN TERMS OF THE OFFENSE LEADING TO THE CURRENT ADMISSION, 53 PERCENT OF THE WLG'S HAD KILLED AT LEAST 1 PERSON AND 10 PERCENT HAD COMMITTED ONLY A PROPERTY OFFENSE. PATIENTS WERE MORE LIKELY TO RECEIVE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RELEASE IF THEY HAD SHOWN UNAMBIGUOUS PREMEDITATION IN THEIR OFFENSES, HAD RECEIVED 4 OR FEWER NEGATIVE PROGRESS NOTES, AND IF THEY WERE NOT RECEIVING PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATION AT THE TIME OF THE CONFERENCE. THE SECOND PART OF THE STUDY CONSISTED OF A QUESTIONNAIRE FILLED OUT ON EACH WLG BY FOUR SENIOR CLINICAL STAFF PRESENT AT THE CONFERENCE. THESE DANGEROUSNESS RATINGS SHOWED THAT PATIENTS WHO WERE SEEN TO BE DANGEROUS WERE THOUGHT UNABLE TO ADJUST TO ANOTHER INSTITUTIONAL SETTING, LIKELY TO BENEFIT FROM FURTHER TREATMENT, MORE MENTALLY ILL, AND INAPPROPRIATE FOR RELEASE. REGRESSION ANALYSIS WAS USED TO PREDICT FROM PREDICTOR VARIABLES RANK-ORDERED BY RESPONDENTS. THE RESULTS SHOWED THAT RATERS DID NOT ORDER VARIABLES OF IMPORTANCE IN SIMILAR OR CONSISTENT WAYS. THIS RAISES QUESTIONS ABOUT THE VALIDITY AND ACCURACY OF SUCH JUDGMENTS. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Canada; Criminality prediction; Criminally insane persons; Dangerousness; Forensic psychiatry; Insanity defense; Mentally ill offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64554

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.