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NCJ Number: 64645 Find in a Library
Title: BUDGETARY PLANNING - A MANDATE FOR THE JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURT
Journal: JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURT JOURNAL  Volume:30  Issue:4  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1979)  Pages:11-16
Author(s): D R BLEVINS
Corporate Author: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Reno, NV 89507
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURTS IN PROVIDING CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE SERVICES CAN BE ENHANCED BY BUDGETARY PLANNING.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH COURTS MUST COMPETE WITH OTHER AGENCIES FOR GOVERNMENT APPROPRIATIONS, THEIR PERSONNEL USUALLY LACK TRAINING IN FISCAL MATTERS. COURTS ARE MANDATED TO PROVIDE PREVENTIVE AS WELL AS CORRECTIVE SERVICES. ALTHOUGH ACTION CANNOT BE TAKEN UNTIL A PROBLEM ENTERS THE COURT'S JURISDICTION, PLANNING FOR FUTURE OPERATIONS CAN ENSURE THAT RESOURCES WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN NEEDED AND CAN JUSTIFY FUNDING. THE EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF A COURT ARE DIFFICULT TO MEASURE BECAUSE OF SUBJECTIVE DEFINITIONS CONCERNING OBJECTIVES. BUDGETARY PLANNING, HOWEVER, CAN AID IN ADJUSTING SERVICES TO CHANGES IN APPROPRIATED FUNDS. IT CAN ALSO BE USED TO MEASURE EFFICIENCY IN TERMS OF OUTPUT-INPUT RATIOS. BY DEFINITION A COURT IS EFFECTIVE IF ITS OUTPUTS ARE SATISFACTORY; ITS EFFICIENCY CAN THEN BE DETERMINED BY MEASURING THE INPUTS OR DOLLARS NECESSARY TO ACHIEVE THAT OUTPUT LEVEL. THE JUVENILE JUDGE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE COURT, BUT HE DELEGATES CONSIDERABLE ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY TO THE CHIEF PROBATION OFFICER. THERE ARE TWO DISTINCT PHASES IN BUDGET PLANNING: PROGRAMMING, WHICH RESTRUCTURES THE GOALS OF THE COURT INTO SPECIFIC, MEASURABLE OBJECTIVES, AND BUDGETING, WHICH TRANSLATES THESE PROGRAMS INTO TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS. FORECASTING THE NEEDS AND COST OF SERVICES CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED BY REVIEWING HISTORICAL RECORDS AND USING MATHEMATICAL TECHNIQUES SUCH AS REGRESSION, SINUSOIDAL, AUTOREGRESSIVE, AND MULTIPLE REGRESSION MODELS. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Budgets; Court management; Family courts; Financial management; Juvenile courts; Prediction; Program budgeting
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64645

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