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NCJ Number: 64734 Find in a Library
Title: SOME OBSERVATIONS ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICAL BEHAVIOR, SECURITY...WHAT IF THERE WEREN'T ANY DOORS?
Journal: CRIMINAL JUSTICE MANAGEMENT  Volume:1  Issue:2  Dated:(!979)  Pages:6-11
Author(s): J SIFFORD
Corporate Author: Management House, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Management House, Inc
Springfield, MO 65802
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF BUILDINGS AND NEIGHBORHOODS MAY PREVENT CRIME THROUGH CREATING DEFENSIBLE SPACE, OR THE APPEARANCE OF A SOCIAL FABRIC THAT DEFENDS ITSELF.
Abstract: TO DISCOURAGE VANDALISM, BURGLARY, AND OTHER CRIME, BUILDINGS AND NEIGHBORHOODS MUST SEEM TO BE UNDER THE CONTROL OF THOSE WHO OWN OR LIVE IN THEM. BUILDING AND NEIGHBORHOOD DESIGN AND PLACEMENT ARE RELATED TO NEIGHBORHOOD SECURITY BECAUSE PROPER APPEARANCE NOT ONLY DISCOURAGES CRIMINALS, BUT ALSO MAKES RESIDENTS MORE COHESIVE AND WILLING TO TAKE JOINT ACTION TO PROTECT THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD. HOWEVER, MULTIFAMILY APARTMENT BUILDINGS ERECTED OVER THE PAST 25 YEARS DISCOURAGE COHESION. SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI, PRESENTS MANY EXAMPLES OF DESIGN PROMOTING OR DISCOURAGING CRIME. IN SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING NEIGHBORHOODS, BURGLARIES OCCUR LESS OFTEN WHERE SIDEWALKS, CURBS, WALLS AND SHRUBBERY CLEARLY DELINEATE PUBLIC FROM PRIVATE SPACE AND ENABLE NEIGHBORS TO WATCH EACH OTHER'S PROPERTY. STRANGERS IN SUCH NEIGHBORHOODS ARE DISCOURAGED FROM INTRUDING INTO CLEARLY DELINEATED PRIVACY. HOWEVER, COMMERCIAL AREAS IN SPRINGFIELD ARE NOT SO CAREFULLY PLANNED, SINCE THESE AREAS CHANGE WITH THE DEMAND FOR GOODS AND SERVICES. COMMERCIAL NEIGHBORHOODS WITH AN AGING APPEARANCE AND MUCH NIGHTTIME ACTIVITY ARE ESPECIALLY SUSCEPTIBLE. OTHER COMMERCIAL NEIGHBORHOODS WHOSE BUILDINGS, PARKS, AND STREETS ARE NOT PLANNED AS A COHERENT WHOLE SUPPER SIMILAR PROBLEMS. SCHOOLS, PLANNED HASTILY TO RESPOND TO POPULATION GROWTH, HAVE BEEN BUILT ON ECONOMICALLY FEASIBLE SITES THAT INVITE VANDALISM BY BEING PHYSICALLY ISOLATED FROM HOMES AND NEIGHBORHOODS. FINALLY, ALREADY DEFENSIBLE SPACE, SUCH AS OPEN TOWN SQUARES, MAY BE RENOVATED IN A THOUGHTLESS MANNER, CAUSING PROBLEMS THAT DID NOT EXIST BEFORE. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs; Environmental design; Missouri; Personal Security/Self Protection; Privacy and security; Property damage; Residential security; School security; Surveillance equipment; Urban planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64734

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