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NCJ Number: 64736 Find in a Library
Title: KNOWLES TOOTH - A NEW APPROACH TO YOUNG OFFENDERS
Journal: CRUCIBLE  Dated:(JANUARY-MARCH 1979)  Pages:5-9
Author(s): N MORGAN
Corporate Author: CIO Publishing
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: CIO Publishing
London, SWI, England
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: AN INTERMEDIATE TREATMENT CENTER FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS IN ENGLAND IS DESCRIBED IN WHICH YOUTHS SPEND ONLY WEEKENDS AND HOLIDAYS AT THE FACILITY FOR ACTIVITIES AND COUNSELING.
Abstract: THE KNOWLES TOOTH CHILDREN'S CENTER WAS A JOINT VENTURE BY A CHURCH-SPONSORED SERVICE AGENCY AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN EAST AND WEST SUSSEX, ENGLAND. ABOUT 48 YOUNG PEOPLE WERE MATCHED WITH 4 SOCIAL WORKERS TO ATTEND THE CENTER IN GROUPS OF 12 ONCE A MONTH. DURING THE WEEK THE STAFF VISITED THE HOMES TO DISCUSS PROBLEMS WITH THE PARENTS AND ENCOURAGE IMPROVEMENTS WITHIN THE FAMILY. ATTENDANCE WAS VOLUNTARY AFTER THE INITIAL VISIT. NO OFFICIAL REGULATIONS EXISTED, BUT PROBLEMS WERE DISCUSSED AS THEY AROSE IN MEETINGS OF STAFF AND CHILDREN, AND THE CHILDREN WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR IMPLEMENTING SANCTIONS. EACH CHILD WAS MADE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF ONE STAFF MEMBER, AND THE STRONG RELATIONSHIP THAT DEVELOPED ENGENDERED FEELINGS OF TRUST AND COMMITMENT IN THE YOUTHS. WORKING WITH PARENTS GRADUALLY PRODUCED A COOPERATIVE ATTITUDE TOWARD THE CENTER AND FRESH AWARENESS OF THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES TOWARD CHILDREN. KNOWLES TOOTH CENTER FACES TWO PROBLEMS COMMON TO ALL ALTERNATIVES TO CUSTODIAL SENTENCES: THE RELUCTANCE OF AUTHORITIES TO PROVIDE ADEQUATE FUNDING AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE AGENCY IS IDENTIFIED WITH AUTHORITY. A VITAL ELEMENT IN KNOWLES TOOTH'S SUCCESS HAS BEEN THAT THE WORKERS WERE NOT PART OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); England; Juvenile group houses; Juvenile treatment methods; Program evaluation; Weekend sentences
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64736

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