skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64742 Find in a Library
Title: USE OF FINGERPRINTS IN IDENTIFICATION
Journal: MEDICINE, SCIENCE AND THE LAW  Volume:19  Issue:4  Dated:(OCTOBER 1979)  Pages:217-224
Author(s): G T C LAMBOURNE
Corporate Author: Yale University
Child Study Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Yale University
New Haven, CT 06510
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS BRITISH PAPER DESCRIBES THE INTRODUCTION OF, PROGRESSIVE USE OF, AND RESEARCH IN FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN LATENT FINGERPRINT RETRIEVAL ARE DETAILED.
Abstract: OVER THE PAST 200 YEARS, VARIOUS MEANS OF IDENTIFYING AND KEEPING RECORDS OF CRIMINALS HAVE BEEN USED, INCLUDING REGISTERS OF HABITUAL CRIMINALS, PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS OF CONVICTS AND OTHER HABITUAL CRIMINALS, THE FRENCH ANTHROPOMETRIC SYSTEM (CERTAIN MEASUREMENTS OF VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BODY WERE RECORDED FOR EACH PRISONER), AND FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS. CRIME SCENE FINGERPRINTS, FOR THE LATTER, ARE DETECTABLE IN ONE OF THREE WAYS: (1) AS IMPRESSIONS IN A SOFT SUBSTRATE SUCH AS PUTTY; (2) AS LEGIBLE IMPRESSIONS MADE BY FINGERS CONTAMINATED WITH PAINT, BLOOD, OIL, ETC.; AND (3) AS LATENT OR INVISIBLE IMPRESSIONS WHICH ARE IDENTIFIABLE BY EXPLOITATION OF THE NATURE OF THE MARK ITSELF AND THE SUBSTRATE IT IS FOUND ON. FROM THE 1960'S ON, THIS LAST CATEGORY HAS ENGENDERED A LARGE AMOUNT OF RESEARCH. A LATENT IMPRESSION CONSISTS OF 98 TO 99.5 PERCENT WATER AND .5 TO 2 PERCENT SOLIDS IN VARYING FORMS. LATENT IMPRESSIONS ON HARD FIRM SURFACES SUCH AS METAL OR GLASS NORMALLY ARE MADE VISIBLE BY APPLYING A FINGERPRINT POWDER. HOWEVER, ONGOING RESEARCH IS CONCERNED WITH MEANS OF RETRIEVING PRINTS MADE IN MORE DIFFICULT SUBSTRATES USING VACUUM DEPOSITION OF THIN METAL FILMS; USING METALS LIKE LEAD, GOLD, SILVER, CADMIUM, AND ZINC; APPLYING RADIOACTIVE SULPHUR DIOXIDE OR GENTIAN VIOLET; OR EMPLOYING THE PROCESS KNOWN AS 35 SPD. SEVERAL CASE HISTORIES ILLUSTRATE THE IMPORTANCE OF FINGERPRINTS TO CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Automated fingerprint processing; England; Evidence identification; Fingerprint classification; Fingerprints; Latent fingerprints; Suspect identification
Note: PAPER READ AT THE ANNUAL SCIENTIFIC MEETING OF THE BRITISH ACADEMY OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, 30 JANUARY 1979.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64742

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.