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NCJ Number: 64787 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ROLE AND FUNCTION OF THE CONSTABULARY (FROM URBAN AND RURAL CRIME AND ITS CONTROL IN WEST AFRICA, 1973 - SEE NCJ-64784)
Author(s): M DELMAS
Corporate Author: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada

Abidjan Institute of Criminology
Ivory Coast
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Abidjan Institute of Criminology
Abidjan, Ivory Coast,
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF THE IVORY COAST'S CONSTABULARY, A MILITARY FORCE OPERATING IN RURAL AREAS TO MAINTAIN ORDER AND ENFORCE THE LAW, ARE DESCRIBED, ALONG WITH AN OVERVIEW OF RURAL CRIME.
Abstract: THE CONSTABULARY IS THE ONLY BODY OUTSIDE URBAN AREAS WHICH IS QUALIFIED TO ACT IN THE MATTER OF CRIMES. IT HAS BOTH PREVENTIVE AND REPRESSIVE ROLES AND AIMS AT PROVIDING INVESTIGATIVE, ADMINSTRATIVE, AND MILITARY POLICING OF THE WHOLE TERRITORY. THE CONSTABULARY HAS BOTH DISTRICT UNITS AND MOBILE UNITS GROUPED UNDER ONE COMMAND IN EACH DISTRICT. ITS ROLE IS COMPLEMENTARY TO THAT OF THE URBAN POLICE. MAJOR PROBLEMS ARE THE LARGE SIZE OF THE DISTRICTS AND THE VOLUME OF PEOPLE TO CONTROL. CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION COMPRISES 43 PERCENT OF CONSTABULARY UNITS' TOTAL ACTIVITIES. ON THE IVORY COAST, AS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, THERE ARE LARGE GAPS BETWEEN THE NUMBER OF CRIMES COMMITTED, THE NUMBER REPORTED, AND THE NUMBER WHICH REACH THE COURTS. REASONS FOR THESE GAPS IN THE IVORY COAST INCLUDE VICTIMS' SHAME, FEAR OF REPRISALS, PRIVATE SETTLEMENT WITH OFFENDERS, USE OF COMMON LAW COURTS, TIME AND TROUBLE INVOLVED IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS, LACK OF CONFIDENCE IN THE CONSTABULARY, ETHNIC AND LINGUISTIC DIFFICULTIES, CUSTOMS, LACK OF KNOWLEDGE, AND INADEQUATE CONSTABULARY PERSONNEL. DATA FROM A SAMPLE DISTRICT AND UNOFFICIAL SURVEYS INDICATE THAT ABOUT 20 PERCENT OF INFRACTIONS RESULT IN A CONVICTION. ALTHOUGH THESE DATA ARE NOT ENTIRELY CORRECT, THEY GIVE AN INDICATION OF THE PHENOMENON OF 'GEARING DOWN' OF CRIME FIGURES. MAPS AND TABLES ARE INCLUDED. FROM THE VOLUME OF WHICH THIS ARTICLE IS A PART, SEE NCJ 64784. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Citizen crime reporting; Ivory Coast; Law enforcement; Police agencies; Rural crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64787

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