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NCJ Number: 64789 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF CRIME IN WEST AFRICA (FROM URBAN AND RURAL CRIME AND ITS CONTROL IN WEST AFRICA, 1973 SEE NCJ-64784)
Author(s): E DIOUF
Corporate Author: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada

Abidjan Institute of Criminology
Ivory Coast
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Abidjan Institute of Criminology
Abidjan, Ivory Coast,
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: CRIMINAL STATISTICS FROM THE WESTERN STATE OF NIGERIA, THE LARGEST OF THE 12 STATES OF THE FEDERATION OF NIGERIA, ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: IN 1967, THE WESTERN STATE HAD AN ESTIMATED POPULATION OF 9 MILLION COMPARED TO 55 MILLION FOR THE ENTIRE FEDERATION. ALTHOUGH CRIME STATISTICS IDEALLY INCLUDE UNIFORM DATA ON OFFENSES AND OFFENDERS DERIVED FROM OFFICIAL AGENCIES' RECORDS AND PUBLISHED PERIODICALLY, THE WESTERN STATE'S POLICE STATISTICS, WHILE CONFORMING CLOSELY TO THIS DEFINITION DO NOT HAVE INFORMATION ON AN OFFENDER'S AGE, SEX, AND SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS. FURTHERMORE, JUDICIAL STATISTICS GIVE AN INCOMPLETE IDEA OF THE STATE'S CRIMINALITY. POLICE DATA SHOW THAT THE TOTAL NUMBER OF REPORTED OFFENSES IN 1970, 1971, AND 1972 WERE 20,128, 20,845, AND 19,081 RESPECTIVELY; BUT THESE DATA REFLECT REPORTING CHANGES RATHER THAN CHANGES IN CRIMES COMMITTED. BETWEEN 20 PERCENT AND 25 PERCENT OF REPORTED CASES RESULTED IN COURT PROCEEDINGS; ABOUT 18 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF CASES WERE UNSOLVED. BURGLARY AND BREAKING INTO HOUSES AND STORES COMPRISED ABOUT TWO-FIFTHS OF ALL REPORTED CRIMES. JUDICIAL STATISTICS FROM 1970 THROUGH 1972 SHOWED THAT FROM 37 TO 53 MALES WERE IMPRISONED FOR EACH FEMALE IMPRISONED. ABOUT HALF OF ALL PRISONERS RECEIVED SENTENCES OF 6 MONTHS OR LESS. THIS PERCENTAGE REFLECTS NIGERIA'S LACK OF ALTERNATIVES SUCH AS ADULT PROBATION, AS WELL AS LACK OF LEGAL AID. ADOPTION OF A LEGAL AID SYSTEM IS RECOMMENDED. THE WESTERN STATE'S STATISTICS NEED IMPROVEMENT TO MAKE THEM SERVE THEIR DESIRED FUNCTIONS. TABLES, FOOTNOTES, AND SUPPLEMENTAL TABLES ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Corrections statistics; Crime Causes; Crime patterns; Crime Statistics; Property crime statistics; Senegal; Tax evasion; Trend analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64789

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