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NCJ Number: 64790 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL STATISTICS AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMINALITY IN NIGERIA (FROM URBAN AND RURAL CRIME AND ITS CONTROL IN WEST AFRICA, 1973 - SEE NCJ-64784)
Author(s): O OLORUNTIMEHIN
Corporate Author: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada

Abidjan Institute of Criminology
Ivory Coast
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Abidjan Institute of Criminology
Abidjan, Ivory Coast,
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: STATISTICS ON CRIME IN SENEGAL ARE EXAMINED WITH RESPECT TO CRIME INCIDENCE, TYPES OF OFFENSES, AND TRENDS OVER TIME.
Abstract: DATA SOURCES INCLUDE THE POLICE, THE JUDICIARY, AND THE PENITENTIARIES. REPORTED CRIMES TOTALED 18,109 IN 1972. THE CRIME RATE WAS 2.15 PER 1,000 INHABITANTS IN RURAL AREAS AND 8.5 PER 1,000 INHABITANTS IN URBAN AREAS. A TOTAL OF 3,080 CONVICTIONS WERE RECORDED IN 1972; 6,523 INDIVIDUALS WERE REFERRED TO THE COURTS BY THE POLICE AND THE CONSTABULARY. THOSE IMPRISONED TOTALED 6,265 IN 1972 VERSUS 5,267 IN 1967. ABOUT 5 PERCENT OF THE INDIVIDUALS REFERRED TO THE COURTS WERE WOMEN WHO HAD COMMITTED CRIMES SIMILAR TO THOSE OF MEN. IN BOTH URBAN AND RURAL AREAS, CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY PREDOMINATED, BUT THERE WAS A HIGHER PROPORTION OF VIOLENT CRIMES IN RURAL AREAS. THEFT WAS THE MOST COMMON OFFENSE, AND MISAPPROPRIATIONS OF PUBLIC FUNDS INCREASED IN 1971 AND 1972. THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE REFERRED TO THE COURTS IN 1972 WERE BETWEEN 26 AND 35 YEARS OF AGE AND MOST HAD COMMITTED CRIME IN THE URBAN CENTERS. ANALYSES OF THE DATA LED TO SEVERAL RECOMMENDATIONS. LAW ENFORCEMENT SHOULD ENCOURAGE REIMBURSEMENT, EMPHASIZE SPEED, MORE SEVERELY SANCTION FREQUENT INFRACTIONS, AND REDUCE THE NUMBER OF CRIMES OF MISAPPROPRIATION OF PUBLIC FUNDS OR BREACH OF LOANS. INDUSTRIALIZATION, URBANIZATION, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND THE CREATION OF NEW NEEDS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE INCREASE IN MODERN CRIME IN AFRICA. SENEGAL'S CRIME SHOWS AN EXTRAORDINARY EMPHASIS ON ALL KINDS OF THEFT. PROPERTY CRIMES ARE RELATED TO THE CURRENT CONDITIONS OF UNDERDEVELOPMENT FACED BY ALL YOUNG COUNTRIES. MARIJUANA SMOKING IS BEGINNING TO BECOME APPARENT. MODERN CRIME HAS RESULTED BOTH FROM MORAL DEPRAVITY AND FROM THE DISAPPEARANCE OF TRADITIONAL VALUES. IN ORDER TO REDUCE MODERN CRIME, AFRICANS MUST BECOME AWARE OF THIS TRAGIC SITUATION, DEVELOP AN AFRICAN MODEL OF CRIMINOLOGY, EDUCATE THE MASSES, AND TEACH YOUNGER GENERATIONS THE VALUES OF AFRICAN CIVILIZATION. TABLES ARE INCLUDED. FOR THE VOLUME OF WHICH THIS ARTICLE IS A PART, SEE NCJ-64784. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Court clerk; Crime patterns; Crime Statistics; Cultural influences; Economic influences; Nigeria; Political influences; Property crime statistics; Social change; Theft offenses
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64790

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