skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64823 Find in a Library
Title: ON CRIME STATISTICS
Journal: INDIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:7-11
Author(s): S K MUKHERJEE
Corporate Author: Indian Soc of Criminology
University of Madras
India
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Indian Soc of Criminology
Madras 600005, India
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: SUGGESTIONS PROMOTE THE IMPROVEMENT OF CRIME STATISTICS THROUGH THE USE OF SOCIAL INDICATORS; A MODEL FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF STATISTICAL DATA IS DESCRIBED.
Abstract: IN USING STATISTICS FOR DETERMINING CRIMINAL POLICY, USERS DO NOT PAY SUFFICIENT ATTENTION TO THE METHODS, PURPOSES, AND OBJECTIVES INVOLVED IN OBTAINING THE STATISTICS. IN PARTICULAR, IT IS NOT ADEQUATE TO STUDY CRIME STATISTICS IN ISOLATION; RATHER THE RELATION OF OFFENSES TO SOCIAL INDICATORS (E.G., PUBLIC HEALTH, LACK OF EDUCATION, POVERTY) NEEDS TO BE EXAMINED. WITHIN THE PAST DECADE, SEVERAL NATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN DEVELOPING SOCIAL INDICATORS WITH THE AIM OF FILLING GAPS IN EXISTING KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS, MAKING STATISTICAL CONNECTIONS BETWEEN RELEVANT PHENOMENA, AND REDUCING INFORMATION OVERLOAD THROUGH CONCENTRATION ON RELEVANT INDICATORS. A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENON OF CRIME REQUIRES EXAMINATION OF SUCH DISTINCT UNITS AS THE CRIMINAL ACT, THE OFFENDER, THE VICTIM, CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CRIME, AND THE MOTIVATION OF THE OFFENDER. MOST INDIAN STATISTICS PROVIDE AT BEST INFORMATION ON THE FIRST TWO UNITS. A MODEL DESCRIPTIVE CLASSIFICATION WHICH MIGHT SERVE AS A BASIS FOR MEANINGFUL CRIME STATISTICS CONCERNING A CASE OF SERIOUS ASSAULT INCLUDES (1) THE CAUSE OF THE ASSAULT, (2) THE SCENE OF THE ASSAULT, (3) RESISTANCE TO ARREST, (4) INFORMATION ON THE VICTIM, INCLUDING THE FINANCIAL AND PHYSICAL DAMAGE SUFFERED, AND (5) INFORMATION ON THE OFFENDER INCLUDING WHETHER THE ASSAULT WAS A FIRST-TIME OFFENSE AND WHETHER THE OFFENDER HAD MENTAL ABNORMALITIES. REFERENCES ARE SUPPLIED. (SAJ)
Index Term(s): Crime Statistics; Data collections; Data integrity; Economic influences; India; Relations; Social conditions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64823

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.