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NCJ Number: 64824 Find in a Library
Title: STUDY OF PERSONALITY OF MURDERERS AND THE PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS RELATED TO MURDER
Journal: INDIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:15-20
Author(s): A SINGH
Corporate Author: Indian Soc of Criminology
University of Madras
India
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Indian Soc of Criminology
Madras 600005, India
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: THE DIFFERENCES IN PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL BACKGROUND BETWEEN A STUDY GROUP OF 75 INDIAN MURDERERS AND A CONTROL GROUP OF 75 MINOR OFFENDERS ARE ANALYZED.
Abstract: AS THE RESULTS OF EARLIER STUDIES SUGGEST, THE PRESENT STUDY IS BASED ON THE HYPOTHESIS THAT MURDERERS HAVE HIGH SCORES ON THE PSYCHOTICISM, EXTRAVERSION, AND NEUROTICISM (PEN) TEST, ON THE NSQ (NEUROTICISM SCALE QUESTIONNAIRE) AND ON THE MAS (MANIFEST ANXIETY SCALE) AS COMPARED TO OTHER CRIMINALS. THE SAMPLE POPULATIONS (BOTH CONTROL AND STUDY) WERE DRAWN AT RANDOM OUT OF TWO PUNJAB JAILS. THE INMATES WERE INTERVIEWED PERSONALLY CONCERNING THEIR BACKGROUND AND CRIMINAL HISTORY AND ALSO TOOK THE PEN, NSQ, AND MAS TESTS. THE INTERVIEWS INDICATED THAT LITTLE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS EXISTED IN TERMS OF AGE AND RELIGION; HOWEVER, A MAJORITY OF THE MURDERERS CAME FROM HIGH CASTES AND LIVED IN RURAL AREAS. SURPRISINGLY, MOST OF THE MURDERERS HAD KILLED FAMILY MEMBERS (MOST OFTEN IN THE COURSE OF A VENDETTA); OTHER FREQUENT VICTIMS OF MURDERS WERE NEIGHBORS AND FRIENDS. A COMPARISON OF THE TEST SCORES INDICATED THAT THE MURDERERS ALSO HAD SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER SCORES FOR THE FACTORS PSYCHOTICISM AND NEUROTICISM WITH VERY LITTLE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE GROUPS IN THE EXTRAVERSION SCORES. OVERALL, THE RESEARCH CONFIRMED THE HYPOTHESIS ON WHICH THE STUDY IS BASED. THE ARTICLE CONTAINS A BIBLIOGRAPHY. (SAJ)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Homicide; India; Murder; Offender profiles; Personality assessment; Psychological evaluation; Testing and measurement; Violent offenders
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64824

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