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NCJ Number: 64827 Find in a Library
Title: RESOLUTION ON THE ETIOLOGY OF PERSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL HABITS
Journal: INDIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:39-45
Author(s): U P SINGH; S BOSE
Corporate Author: Indian Soc of Criminology
University of Madras
India
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Indian Soc of Criminology
Madras 600005, India
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: INDIAN CRIMINOLOGISTS ATTEMPTED TO IDENTIFY THE CAUSES OF RECIDIVISM BY SURVEYING A SAMPLE OF 150 ADULT MALE PRISON INMATES TO COLLECT DATA ON THEIR PERSONAL LIVES AND CRIMINAL CARREERS THROUGH INTERVIEWS AND TESTS.
Abstract: STRUCTURED CONVERSATIONS BETWEEN RESEARCHERS AND SUBJECTS, COMBINED WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS, INCLUDING ROHRSCHACH INK BLOT AND INTELLIGNECE TESTS, REVEALED THAT ALL RESPONDENTS CAME FROM DEPRIVED SOCIOECONOMIC AND CULTURAL BACKGROUNDS. THE MAJORITY OF THE SUBJECTS WERE YOUNG ADULTS, AT THE PEAK OF THEIR PHYSICAL POWERS. THEY WERE INTERMEDIATE CHILDREN (ARRIVING BETWEEN THE FIRST- AND LAST-BORN CHILD) OF PARENTS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SOCIOECONOMIC LADDER. THEIR MOTHERS WERE ILLITERATE OR SEMILITERATE AND THEIR FATHERS HIGH-SCHOOL DROPOUTS AT BEST. THEY CAME FROM LARGE FAMILIES (WITH AN AVERAGE NUMBER OF 6.5 MEMBERS) WITH HOME ENVIRONMENTS RIDDEN WITH INTERPERSONAL CONFLICTS. THE INTELLIGENCE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS REVEALED THAT THE SUBJECTS WERE MOSTLY OF AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE, AND NONE WERE MENTALLY RETARDED OR INCAPABLE OF DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN RIGHT AND WRONG. HOWEVER, THEY ALL SHARED AN ATTITUDE OF DISRESPECT AND DEFIANCE TOWARD ALL FORMS OF AUTHORITY. THEIR CRIMINAL AND DEVIANT BEHAVIOR HAD STARTED IN CHILDHOOD AND EARLY ADOLESCENCE. THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF DEVIANT LABELING AND SOCIETAL REJECTION, AND THEIR ESPOUSAL OF PRISONIZATION VALUES HAD LED THEM INTO BECOMING MEMBERS OF DEVIANT AND CRIMINAL SUBCULTURES, WHERE THEY FOUND THE ACCEPTANCE AND SUPPORT WHICH SOCIETY DENIED THEM. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN RECIDIVISM AND SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUND OF THE ADMITTEDLY LIMITED NUMBER OF SUBJECTS SURVEYED WAS FOUND TO BE CONSTANT. A LIST OF BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES IS APPENDED. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Economic influences; Habitual offenders; India; Prisonization; Professional criminals; Recidivism; Recidivism causes; Social conditions; Subculture theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64827

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