skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 64856 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CONTINGENCY MANAGEMENT IN A CELLBLOCK TOKEN ECONOMY REDUCING RULE VIOLATIONS AND MAXIMIZING THE EFFECTS OF TOKEN REINFORCEMENT
Journal: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(DECEMBER 1979)  Pages:307-325
Author(s): M A MILAN; W R THROCKMORTON; J M MCKEE; L F WOOD
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
US Dept of Labor
Washington, DC 20210
Grant Number: 21-01-73-38
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America

UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America

Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWO STUDIES DEMONSTRATE HOW DEEMPHASIS OF PUNISHMENT AND AVERSIVE CONTROL PROCEDURES IN CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS CAN OCCUR IF APPROPRIATELY DESIGNED CONTINGENCIES OF POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT ARE IMPLEMENTED.
Abstract: THE STUDIES, PERFORMED WITH 56 IMPRISONED ADULT FELONS, AIMED TO EXPAND THE GENERALITY OF THE USE OF POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT PROCEDURES TO MODIFY UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOR AND TO IDENTIFY THE FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MAGNITUDE OF TOKEN REINFORCEMENT AND PERFORMANCE OF A DESIRED ACTIVITY. IN THE FIRST STUDY, A REVERSAL DESIGN WITH A FOLLOWUP COMPONENT INDICATED THAT THE POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT OF RULE FOLLOWING WAS EFFECTIVE IN REDUCING THE OCCURRENCE OF RULE VIOLATIONS AND THAT THE EFFECT OF THE PROCEDURE APPEARED TO BE PARTIALLY IRREVERSIBLE. THE SECOND STUDY USED AN EXPANDED REVERSAL DESIGN TO DETERMINE THE PROGRESSIVE EFFECTS ON PERFORMANCE OF SUCCESSIVE INCREASES IN THE MAGNITUDE OF TOKEN REINFORCEMENT AND TO COMPARE THESE EFFECTS FOR CLIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT A LONG HISTORY OF PARTICIPATION IN A TOKEN ECONOMY. IT WAS FOUND THAT EACH SUCCESSIVE INCREASE IN REINFORCEMENT MAGNITUDE PRODUCED PROPORTIONALLY SMALLER INCREASES IN GROUP PERFORMANCE AND THAT THE EFFECTS WERE MARKEDLY SIMILAR FOR GROUPS WITH DIFFERING HISTORIES OF PARTICIPATION IN THE ECONOMY. WITH THE GOAL OF REENGINEERING THE INSTITUTION WITH THE GOAL OF REENGINEERING THE INSTITUTION ENVIRONMENT BY INTRODUCING EFFECTIVE CONTINGENCIES OF POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT TO REPLACE CONTINGENCIES OF AVERSIVE CONTROL, THE STUDY MOVED THE CELLBLOCK TOKEN ECONOMY TOWARD THE DEVELOPMENT OF A HUMANE-OFFENDER REHABILITATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE RECORDS ARE COMPARED, AND THE MANNER IN WHICH GROUP DATA MAY MASK INDIVIDUAL RESPONSE PATTERNS IS DISCUSSED. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MHP)
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavioral science research; Correctional facilities; Token economies
Note: PRICE QUOTED FOR SAGE IS FOR THE ENTIRE ISSUE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64856

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.