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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64858 Find in a Library
Title: PRIVACY AND CORRECTIONS - A SOCIAL LEARNING APPROACH
Journal: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(DECEMBER 1979)  Pages:339-357
Author(s): D E SMITH; R M SWANSON
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America

UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
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Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECTS OF VARIOUS CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS ON INMATE PERCEPTIONS OF PRIVACY ARE INVESTIGATED USING A SOCIAL LEARNING APPROACH.
Abstract: THE STUDY INVESTIGATED THE EFFECTS OF SIX CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE SOUTHWEST AND SOUTHEAST ON INMATE VALUES AND EXPECTANCIES OF PRIVACY. THE HYPOTHESIS WAS THAT DIFFERENCES IN INMATE VALUES AND EXPECTANCIES WOULD BE OBTAINED BASED ON THE DIFFERENT STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH INSTITUTION. PRIVACY WAS CONCEPTUALIZED AS SOLITUDE, INTIMACY, INDIVIDUATION, AND SELF-DISCLOSURE. INMATES SELECTED BY A STRATIFIED RANDOM-SAMPLING WERE ADMINISTERED A QUESTIONNAIRE OF 32 ITEMS WITH QUESTIONS RELATING TO BOTH EXPECTANCY AND VALUE. EFFECTS ATTRIBUTED TO GENDER WERE CONTROLLED. RESULTS SUPPORTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT INDIVIDUAL NOTIONS OF PRIVACY VARY AS A FUNCTION OF ENVIRONMENT. SUPPORT CAME ALMOST ENTIRELY FROM THE EXPECTANCY SCALES, IN WHICH MANY OF THE OBTAINED DIFFERENCES WERE SIGNIFICANT. THE ONLY DIFFERENCES OBTAINED ON THE VALUE SCALES OCCURRED WITH INTIMACY, SUGGESTING THAT ONE'S EXPECTANCY FOR PRIVACY IS MORE SENSITIVE TO ENVIRONMENTAL VARIATIONS THAN ONE'S VALUE FOR PRIVACY. OVERALL, THE RESULTS DEMONSTRATE THAT INMATE PERCEPTIONS OF PRIVACY VARY AS A FUNCTION OF THE DESIGN AND ORGANIZATION OF THE INSTITUTION, ESTABLISHING A LINK BETWEEN THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND THE INMATE'S PERCEPTUAL ENVIRONMENT. TABLES AND REFERENCES SUPPLEMENT THE TEXT. (MHP)
Index Term(s): Correctional facilities; Environmental quality; Facility conditions; Inmate attitudes; Inmate grievances; Inmates as research subjects; Right of privacy; Sociology
Note: PRICE QUOTED FOR SAGE IS FOR THE ENTIRE ISSUE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64858

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