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NCJ Number: 64860 Find in a Library
Title: FEMALE OFFENDERS - THREE ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT SELF-ESTEEM, SEX-ROLE IDENTITY, AND FEMINISM
Journal: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(DECEMBER 1979)  Pages:365-382
Author(s): C S WIDOM
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE VALIDITY OF THREE ASSMUPTIONS ABOUT SELF-ESTEEM, SEX-ROLE IDENTITY, AND FEMINISM IN FEMALE OFFENDERS WAS EMPIRICALLY INVESTIGATED IN A STUDY OF 73 WOMEN AWAITING TRIAL (ATU) IN MASSACHUSETTS.
Abstract: ATU AND A COMPARISION GROUP OF WOMEN WERE ADMINSTERED SEVERAL QUESTIONNAIRES MEASURING SELF-ESTEEM, PERSONAL AUTONOMY, PSYCHOLOGICAL MASCULINITY AND FEMININITY, AND FEMINISM. DESPITE AGE AND EDUCATIONAL DIFFERENCES, ATU WOMEN WERE FAMILIAR TO NONOFFENDER WOMEN. THE RESULTS DID NOT SUPPORT ASSUMPTIONS REGARDING LOW SELF-ESTEEM AND INCREASED MASCULINITY IN FEMALE OFFENDERS. ALTHOUGH DEVIANT SEX-ROLE ORIENTATION IN THE FORM OF INCREASED MASCULINITY HAS BEEN THOUGHT TO BE IMPORTANT IN EXPLAINING FEMALE CRIMINALITY, THE RESULTS DISCREDITED SUCH AN ASSUMPTION AND SUGGESTED THAT IT MAY BE THE LEVEL OF FEMININITY (OR EXPRESSIVENESS) THAT IS IMPORTANT IN UNDERSTANDING CERTAIN ASPECTS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. THE STUDY FOUND THAT MASCULINITY WAS UNRELATED TO CRIMINALITY, WHEREAS FEMININITY WAS NEGATIVELY ASSOCIATED WITH IT. IT IS CLEAR THAT SOCIETAL EXPECTATIONS PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN INFLUENCING ONE'S SELF-CONCEPT. FOR INSTANCE, FEMALE OFFENDERS PERCEIVE MORE SOCIETAL DISAPPROVAL OF THEIR CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, ALTHOUGH THE EXTENT OF THEIR INTERNALIZATION OF THESE NEGATIVE EVALUATIONS IS UNCLEAR. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT SELF-ESTEEM IN WOMEN SERVING LONG PRISON SENTENCES HAS NOT BEEN INVESTIGATED HERE. TABULAR DATA, NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED-MJW)
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Female deviance; Female offenders; Female sex roles; Problem behavior; Role perception; Self concept
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64860

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