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NCJ Number: 64870 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: EXTANT DRUG/CRIME LITERATURE - METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES, PATTERNS OF DRUG USE AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, LIFE CYCLES, ECONOMIC ISSUES, AND DRUG TREATMENT - A SURVEY AND ANALYSIS
Author(s): R P GANDOSSY; J R WILLIAMS; J COHEN; H J HARWOOD
Corporate Author: RTI International
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 180
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
RTI International
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0018
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FOCUSING ON THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN HEROIN USE AND CRIME, THIS LITERATURE REVIEW FOR POLICYMAKERS AND RESEARCHERS COVERS ENGLISH LANGUAGE MATERIAL AS WELL AS RELEVANT CANADIAN, AUSTRALIAN, AND EUROPEAN LITERATURE.
Abstract: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES AND PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY RESEARCHERS IN THE DRUG/CRIME AREA ARE DISCUSSED AND FOUND TO BE MOST SERIOUS IN THE AREA OF SAMPLE REPRESENTATIVENESS. THE FINDINGS SUGGEST NEED FOR MULTIPLE DATA SOURCES, GREATER USE OF CONTROL GROUPS, AND LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH ON POPULATIONS NOT PRESELECTED FOR DRUG USE OR CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. PATTERNS OF DRUG USE AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ARE EXAMINED; THE REVIEW COVERS THOSE FACTORS THAT ARE THOUGHT TO PREDISPOSE AN INDIVIDUAL TO DRUG USE AND CRIME, POLYDRUG USE PATTERNS, AND RELATIONSHIPS FOUND BETWEEN HEROIN AND CRIME (AND OTHER DRUGS AND CRIME). DISCUSSION ALSO FOCUSES ON HOW DRUG USE AND CRIME PATTERNS CHANGE OVER THE COURSE OF AN INDIVIDUAL'S LIFETIME (LIFE CYCLE ISSUES). THIS SECTION NOTES THE TENDENCIES TOWARD REMISSION, RELAPSE, AND MATURING OUT. THE ECONOMIC ISSUES ARE CONSIDERED, THE DISCUSSION EXAMINING THOSE FACTORS THAT AFFECT AND MEDIATE AN ADDICT'S INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITY. TWO FACETS OF THE DRUG/CRIME RELATIONSHIP ARE PRIMARY CONCERNS HERE: CONSUMER DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF LABOR. THESE FACETS ARE THE RESULT OF A NUMBER OF FACTORS SUCH AS COST OF OTHER NECESSITIES, THE PRICE OF HEROIN, DRUG SUBSTITUTION PATTERNS, LAW ENFORCEMENT PRACTICES, AND THE ACCESSIBILITY AND EASE OF DRUG PURCHASE. FINALLY, TREATMENT INTERVENTION STRATEGIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON CLIENT CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ARE ADDRESSED WITH ATTENTION TO CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS, MULTIMODALITY EVALUATION, AND THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITIES. STATISTICAL DATA AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Criminality prediction; Drug abuse; Drug abuse causes; Drug dependence; Drug effects; Drug law enforcement; Drug offenders; Drug Related Crime; Drug research; Drug treatment; Heroin; Literature reviews; Research methods
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64870

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