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NCJ Number: 64883 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CITATION RELEASE - AN ALTERNATIVE TO PRETRIAL DETENTION CONCEPTS AND GUIDELINES
Author(s): W H BUSHER
Corporate Author: American Justice Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 195
Sponsoring Agency: American Justice Institute
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 77-TA-99-0006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A GUIDE TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE PLANNERS AND AGENCY ADMINISTRATORS INITIATING CITATION RELEASE PROGRAMS OR INTENSIFYING EXISTING PROGRAMS IS PRESENTED; HISTORY, USE, PLANNING, AND OPERATING ARE EMPHASIZED.
Abstract: CRIMINAL JUSTICE PLANNERS ARE EXAMINING THE CITATION RELEASE STRATEGY WHICH IS INCREASINGLY FAVORED BY POLICE AGENCIES. CITATION RELEASE PROGRAMMING HAS BEEN CONSIDERED AN ACTIVITY SOLELY WITHIN THE PROVINCE OF INDIVIDUAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES. THIS DOCUMENT, PREPARED TO COMPLEMENT A PROGRAM OF ONSITE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO SMALL JURISDICTIONS EXPECTED TO RECEIVE GRANTS FOR CITATION RELEASE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS, DISCUSSES THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CITATION RELEASE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS. ALSO DETAILED ARE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CITATION RELEASE AND RELEASE ON RECOGNIZANCE; KEY ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH CITATION RELEASE; DETERMINING WHO QUALIFIES FOR RELEASE; PROGRAM OBJECTIVES, BENEFITS, COSTS, AND EVALUATION; PROCEDURES; MANAGING THOSE WHO FAIL TO APPEAR IN COURT; AND PLANNING, IMPLEMENTING, OPERATING, MONITORING, AND EVALUATING A CITATION RELEASE PROGRAM. AS A PROPERLY EXECUTED STRATEGY, CITATION RELEASE CAN BE A MAJOR PART OF A COMMUNITY'S COMPREHENSIVE PRETRIAL RELEASE EFFORT. PROGRAMMING SHOULD BE COUNTYWIDE. THE DECISION TO EMPLOY CITATION RELEASE AT THE TIME OF ARREST IS BASED ON THHE OFFICER'S BELIEF THAT THE PERSON WILL HONOR WRITTEN PROMISE TO APPEAR IN COURT TO ANSWER CHARGES. THE OFFICER MUST ESTABLISH THAT THE SUBJECT IS THE PERSON HE OR SHE CLAIMS TO BE, DETERMINE TO WHAT EXTENT THE SUBJECT HAS TIES TO THE IMMEDIATE COMMUNITY, AND ESTABLISH WHETHER THE SUBJECT HAS PREVIOUSLY EVADED PROSECUTION. THE SHOPLIFTER IS A PRIME CANDIDATE FOR CITATION RELEASE, AND MOST CITATIONS ARE ISSUED IN THIS FIELD. CITATION RELEASE PROVIDES SAVINGS TO THE COMMUNITY IN REDUCING ARREST, DETENTION, AND PROSECUTION COSTS, IN ADDITION TO OBVIOUS SOCIAL BENEFITS TO THE CITED INDIVIDUAL. FOOTNOTES, TABULAR INFORMATION, APPENDIXES OF RELATED MATERIAL, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED. (LWM)
Index Term(s): Citations; Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA); Police discretion; Pretrial programs; Pretrial release; Procedure manuals; Programs; Reference materials; Shoplifting
Note: A PRODUCT OF PHASE I OF THE JAIL DEMONSTRATION PROJECT
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64883

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