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NCJ Number: 64912 Find in a Library
Title: HIGH TECHOLOGY TERRORISM AND SURROGATE WAR - THE IMPACT OF NEW TECHNOLOGY ON LOW-LEVEL VIOLENCE
Journal: SCHRIFTENREIHE DER POLIZEI-FUEHRUNGSAKADEMIE  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(1979)  Pages:277-298
Author(s): B M JENKINS
Corporate Author: Walter Rau Verlag
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Walter Rau Verlag
4000 Dusseldorf 1, Germany United
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS ON TERRORISM IS ANALYZED, AND IT IS ARGUED THAT GUERRILLA WARFARE IS SLOWLY REPLACING CONVENTIONAL WAR.
Abstract: THE EVOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM IS DEPENDENT ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS OF THE PAST 50 YEARS. WHILE PREVIOUS GENERATIONS OF TERRORISTS HAD ONLY MACHINE GUNS AND DYNAMITE, MODERN MEANS OF COMMUNICATION, ESPECIALLY THE MASS MEDIA, NOW FURNISH THEM WITH AN EFFECTIVE PROPAGANDA TOOL GIVING THEM EXPOSURE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD THAT CONVEYS AN EXAGGERATED IMPRESSION OF THE TRUE EXTENT OF THEIR POWER. IN ADDITION, SOCIETY'S HEAVY DEPENDENCE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY HAS CREATED NEW VULNERABILITIES: JUMBO JETS, TANKERS, PIPELINES, OIL REFINERIES AND NUCLEAR REACTORS OFFER EASY (AND SO FAR PARTLY UNTAPPED) POSSIBILITIES FOR ENFORCING TERRORIST DEMANDS. FROM A TERRORIST POINT OF VIEW, THE MOST IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENT IN ARMAMENT TECHNOLOGY LIES IN THE INVENTION OF SMALL, PORTABLE, ECONOMIC, AND PRECISE WEAPONS (E.G., ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPONS, REMOTE-CONTROLLED TANK DESTROYERS) WHICH--ORIGINALLY MANUFACTURED FOR MILITARY USE--TERRORISTS ALREADY HAVE. WHILE LOW-LEVEL FORMS OF VIOLENCE CONTINUE TO EXPAND, CONVENTIONAL WARFARE BECOMES INCREASINGLY IMPRACTICABLE DUE TO THE HIGH COST OF WAR EQUIPMENT AND THE ENORMOUS POSSIBILITIES FOR DESTRUCTION. IN THIS SITUATION, LIMITED GUERRILLA ACTIVITIES OFFER ALTERNATIVE, SURROGATE WARFARE THAT SUPPORTS THE POLITICAL INTERESTS OF ETHNOLOGICAL MINORITIES AND NOT SELDOM SUCCEEDS IN CREATING A NEW INDEPENDENT COUNTRY. THE DIRECT RESULTS ARE AN INCREASING NUMBER OF SMALL INDEPENDENT NATIONS--THE MEMBER COUNTRIES OF THE U.N. GREW FROM 51 IN 1945 TO 135 IN 1973--AND A CONSTANTLY CHANGING ARRAY OF TERRORIST GROUPS WHICH ENJOY THE SUPPORT OF SOME OF THESE COUNTRIES. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE TECHNICAL PROGRESS OF THE 20TH CENTURY HAS GIVEN SMALL TERRORIST GROUPS THE DESTRUCTIVE POWER WHICH WAS FORMERLY RESERVED FOR ENTIRE ARMIES. --IN GERMAN.
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; International terrorism; Media coverage; Political influences; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Science and Technology; Terrorist weapons; Urban guerrilla warfare
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